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What is the Coronavirus? -The Coronavirus Explained

March 5, 2020


in early 2020 a new kind of virus began
generating headlines all over the world because of the unprecedented speed of
its transmission from its origins in a food market in Wuhan China in December
2019 two countries as far-flung as the United States and the Philippines the
virus officially named COV ID 19 has infected tens of thousands with a rising
death toll now over 2,000 but in spite of the global panic in the news about
this virus you’re unlikely to contract COV ID 19 unless you’ve been in contact
with someone who’s recently travelled to certain parts of China there’s no need
to worry about the 2019 corona virus if you haven’t recently traveled to China
or been in contact with someone who’s been diagnosed with the virus what are
the symptoms of the corona virus doctors are learning new things about this virus
every day so far we know that the corona virus may not initially cause any
symptoms you may carry the virus for two days or up to two weeks before you
notice symptoms some common symptoms that have been specifically linked to
the corona virus include feeling short of breath having a cough that gets more
severe over time a low-grade fever that gradually increases in temperature the
full list of symptoms are still being investigated when to seek help if you
think you might have the corona virus if you experience any of the symptoms above
and have traveled to China in the past 14 days or have been in close contact
with someone with confirmed corona virus within the last 14 days call your doctor
right away corona virus versus the flu the 20/20
corona virus is much more deadly than seasonal flu an estimated 0.06 to 0.1%
of people who develop the flu during the 2019 2020 flu season in the United
States died as of February 2020 compared to around 2% of those diagnosed with the
corona virus here are some common symptoms of a flu infection
cough runny or stuffy nose sneezing sore throat fever headache fatigue chills and
body aches what causes coronaviruses coronaviruses
are ZOA notic this means they first develop in animals before developing in
humans for the virus to pass from animal to humans a person has to come into
close contact with an animal that carries the infection once the virus
develops in people coronaviruses can be spread from person to person through
respiratory droplets this is a technical name for the wet stuff that moves
through the air when you cough or sneeze the viral material hangs out in these
droplets and can be breathed into the respiratory tract your windpipe and
lungs where the virus can then lead to an infection
the corona virus hasn’t been definitively linked to a specific animal
but researchers believe that the virus may have been passed from bats to
another animal either snakes or pangolins and then transmitted to humans
this transmission likely occurred in the open food market in Wuhan China who is
at increased risk you’re at a high risk for developing this virus if you come
into contact with someone who’s carrying it especially if you’ve been exposed to
their saliva or been near them when they’ve coughed or sneezed washing your
hands and disinfecting surfaces can help decrease your risk for catching this or
other viruses older men seem to be especially susceptible to the virus a
report by the World Health Organization w-h-o found that the median age of
people testing positive for this corona virus was around 45 years and that over
two-thirds of those people were male power coronavirus is diagnosed the 2019
corona virus can be diagnosed similarly to other viral infections using a blood
saliva or tissue sample in the United States only the CDC currently has the
ability to diagnose a CoV I D 19 infection
talk to your doctor right away if you think you have a corona bye
infection especially if you’ve traveled to China in the past 14 days your doctor
will speak to local public health officials to provide guidance on whether
testing for the virus is needed a lab technician will either draw a sample of
your blood with a needle or use a cotton swab to take a small sample of saliva or
respiratory secretions from your nose or the back of your throat the sample is
then sent to a testing facility to confirm the presence of viral material
or antibodies that respond to the virus what treatments are available for the
corona virus there is currently no treatment specifically approved for the
2019 corona virus and no cure for an infection although treatments and
vaccines are currently under study instead treatment focuses on managing
symptoms as the virus runs its course seek immediate medical help if you think
you have CoV ID 19 your doctor will recommend treatment for any symptoms or
complications that develop other corona viruses like SARS and MERS do have
vaccines and treatments some treatments for these similar viruses include
antiviral or retroviral medications breathing support like mechanical
ventilation steroids to reduce lung swelling and blood plasma transfusions
what are possible complications from the corona virus the most serious
complication of Co VI D 19 as a type of pneumonia that’s been called 20-19 novel
coronavirus infected pneumonia and CIP results from a 20/20 study of 138 people
admitted into hospitals in Wuhan China with ncip found that 26% of those
admitted had severe cases and needed to be treated in the intensive care unit
ICU about 4.3 percent of these people who were admitted to the ICU died from
this type of pneumonia so far ncip is the only complication specifically
linked to the 2019 corona virus but researchers have seen the following
complications in people who have developed a corona virus acute
respiratory distress syndrome arts irregular heartbeat arrhythmia
cardiovascular shock severe muscle pain fatigue and heart damage or heart attack
how to prevent coronaviruses the best way to prevent the spread of this virus
is to avoid or limit contact with people who are showing symptoms of the virus
and have traveled to China in the past 14 days the next best thing you can do
is practice good hygiene to prevent bacteria and viruses from spreading wash
your hands frequently for at least 20 seconds at a time with warm water and
soap don’t touch your face eyes nose or mouth when your hands are dirty don’t go
out if you’re feeling sick or have any cold or flu symptoms cover your mouth
with the inside of your elbow whenever you sneeze or cough throw away
any tissues you used to blow your nose or sneeze right away keep any objects
you touch a lot clean use disinfectants on objects like phones computers
utensils dishware and door handles other types of coronaviruses a corona virus
gets its name from the way it looks under a microscope the word corona means
crown and when examined closely the round virus has a crown of proteins
called pet plumbers jutting out from its center in every direction
these proteins help the virus identify whether it can infect its host the
condition known as severe acute respiratory syndrome SARS was also
linked to a highly infectious corona virus back in the early 2000s the SARS
virus has since been contained and found to be successfully treat about CoV I D
19 vs. SARS this isn’t the first time a corona virus has made news the deadly
2003 SARS outbreak was also caused by a corona virus as with the 2019 virus the
SARS virus was first found in animals before it spread to humans the SARS
virus is thought to have come from bats and then was transferred to another
animal and then to humans once transmitted to humans the SARS virus
began spreading quickly among people what makes coronavirus so newsworthy
this year is that a treatment or cure hasn’t yet been developed to help
prevent its rapid spread from person to person
SARS has been successfully contained and treated in summary don’t panic you don’t
need to wear a mask or be quarantined unless you’ve been diagnosed with this
corona virus following simple hygiene guidelines may help prevent you from
developing this and other viruses the corona virus probably seems scary when
you read the news about new deaths quarantines and travel bans to and from
China but in context the corona virus is much less severe and widespread than
more common and more threatening infectious conditions like the flu stay
calm and follow your doctor’s instructions if you’re diagnosed with a
corona virus infection so that you can recover and help prevent it from
spreading be sure to subscribe to the channel for more videos like this and
have a healthy day

2 Comments

  • Reply HEALTHY HOW TO'S February 29, 2020 at 2:41 pm

    Dont Forget to Subscribe to the Channel!

  • Reply Purple Kay February 29, 2020 at 3:30 pm

    First

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