Articles, Blog

Viruses (Updated)

November 22, 2019

Subtitles on! Click CC at bottom right to turn off. You can find us on Twitter (@AmoebaSisters) and Facebook! Chances are, in your life, you’ve had the
common cold before. It can cause sneezing and coughing and just
makes you feel awful. The worst thing about the common cold is that
you can take medications to help with the symptoms, but you really can’t treat the
actual cold with antibiotics like you would a strep throat infection or an infected tooth. Why? Well let’s talk about what causes it: a
virus. The common cold is caused by a virus. And while all living things are made of 1
or more cells—see the modern cell theory—viruses are not cells. Viruses aren’t technically classified as
living things since they lack many characteristics of life, but there is debate in calling them
nonliving as well. Medications like antibiotics attack bacteria
like E.coli which are living cells. Anti-fungal medications can be used on fungi
like athlete’s foot which are made of living cells. Viruses are not bacteria or fungi. You can’t classify a virus as a prokaryote
or a eukaryote either because it’s not a cell. So what is their structure like? First of all, viruses are much, much smaller
than cells. You typically are going to need an electron
microscope in order to see a virus. Viruses come in many shapes. Our favorite one to draw is the bacteriophage! It sounds very fancy, but it is a type of
virus that tends to attack bacteria. Despite this being our favorite to draw, know
that the shape of viruses vary. Greatly. One thing all viruses have in common is that
they have some type of genetic material. This genetic material can be in the form of
DNA or RNA. Viruses usually have some kind protein coat,
also known as a capsid. The capsid can protect that DNA or RNA genetic
material. Viruses can also can have other structures. Some viruses package special enzymes with
them. Some viruses have an outer envelope. These additions can be useful to the virus
in virus replication. One thing that makes virus replication, or
reproduction, unique is that they can’t replicate without a host. And it’s their reproducing that tends to
be a problem for its host: whether the host is you — in the case of a common cold—,
an insect, plant, or this bacterium. Viruses tend to be very specific for the host
that they’re going to go infect, but anything that is alive can be a host, because cells
have the machinery viruses need in order to replicate. We’re going to talk about two types of viral
replication cycles. The first one is the lytic cycle. In the lytic cycle, the virus, remember very
selective, attaches to a host cell. It often binds to a receptor that this cell
has which gives it access to dock there. The virus can then inject either its DNA or
RNA, depending on what kind of genetic material it has, into the cell. Some types of viruses are actually taken inside
the cell themselves. Now you would think the cell would notice
viral DNA or RNA or an entire virus that has been taken in, but in many cases it does not. It takes the genetic material from the virus
and it starts following the instructions, which in this case is very bad, because the
instructions tell it to makes copies of the virus. The cell uses its own resources to start building. It starts making so many copies of the virus
that it can cause the cell membrane of the host to rupture, explode, lyse! So what happens is now these new viral copies
get out of the cell, and they go and infect other cells. This is known as the lytic cycle. By the way, the lysing of the cell membrane
is a very bad thing for the cell. The cell cannot survive without its cell membrane. The other cycle is called the lysogenic cycle,
and I like to remember this is the longer word so I like to think of this as the longer,
sneaky cycle. Viruses that go through this cycle tend to
do the same thing at the beginning. They inject their genetic material, but this
time, the genetic material stays hidden in the host’s genetic material. What happens is that when the host makes new
cells, it replicates its own genetic material and the viral genetic material. Then those daughter cells make new cells,
and they also replicate their own genetic material and the viral genetic material. And so on. That is the lysogenic cycle. That may not seem like a problem, but it really
becomes one if it gets triggered to go into the lytic cycle from that point, because then
all of those cells that had the viral genetic material can start assembling viruses. As far as what triggers it to go into the
lytic cycle, it can vary. It could be a chemical trigger for example
or a lack of food for the host. Going back to the common cold, a lot of times
it has to run its course. Your immune system will typically take care
of it and medications can help the symptoms feel not as bad. But, unfortunately, some viruses are extremely
complicated, such as HIV, a virus that can lead to AIDS. Like most viruses, it is very specific. It binds to a CD4 glycoprotein that is found
on the surface of specific cells such as Helper T cells. The problem about this particular target is
that Helper T cells play an important role in protecting the body in the immune system. Since HIV goes after these immune cells, it
can make a person that is infected with HIV vulnerable to other infections. There are medications that have been developed
to help keep HIV from replicating as quickly, and there continues to be research looking
into ways to keep the virus from attaching—because if the virus can’t attach—it can’t insert
its genetic material. A problem that continues to be a challenge
is that many viruses, including HIV, can mutate. So a treatment developed against a certain
virus type may not work on a mutated form. So with our talk about viruses, you might
wonder, “Is there anything positive about viruses?” Well, viruses can play a useful role in gene
therapy. Definitely something to explore more. Also, remember how we mentioned that viruses
can go after other organisms like insects for example? Some of these viruses can target certain types
of pest insects. A virus that targets pest insects could be
an alternative to a chemical pesticide. One such example virus that you may want to
explore is the Nuclear Polyhedrosis Virus. Still, it’s important to consider that whenever
talking about any kind of pesticide—chemical or viral—there could be consequences
in the ecosystem. Well, that’s it for the Amoeba Sisters and
we remind you to stay curious!


  • Reply Amoeba Sisters August 11, 2018 at 2:46 pm

    This topic is now an Unlectured Series topic! One of the question starters in the Unlectured topic mentions two therapies still being explored that can use viruses: phage therapy and gene therapy. Something fascinating to research if you have an interest in learning more about viruses.

  • Reply sophie ‘N elise January 16, 2019 at 2:45 am

    that's good

  • Reply Catlover Johnson January 21, 2019 at 10:26 am

    Did u make the common cold virus have a little kitty cat

  • Reply Queen of Laziness99 January 23, 2019 at 12:50 am

    I watched this vid in skience class

    Yes I spelled it incorrectly intentionally

  • Reply Madeleine O'Meara January 23, 2019 at 7:24 am

    hey classmates going through the comments. who else science teacher sent them here?

  • Reply Aub Matterig January 30, 2019 at 10:54 am

    Ahhh ik this is not the best way of studying for the exam but i’d really rather watch this than study the book we barely even used lol

  • Reply f d February 7, 2019 at 4:09 am

    I have a cold and i’m cursing every virus in me

  • Reply Adam Kučera February 9, 2019 at 5:25 pm

    viruses dont cause disease

  • Reply Raanoooshh February 11, 2019 at 3:38 pm

    I wouldn't mind watching these videos on a Friday night

  • Reply Thế Giới Quanh Ta OFFICIAL February 12, 2019 at 5:02 am

    Viruses are so cute


  • Reply Stephanie Nikole February 15, 2019 at 8:57 am

    thank you for making my lectures make sense (im literally in college).

  • Reply Jesus Alejandro Shirma Garrido February 15, 2019 at 10:43 pm

    hope this comment doesn't go viral

  • Reply Mattcraft February 16, 2019 at 9:03 am


  • Reply Fluorescent Memer February 16, 2019 at 4:21 pm

    work work
    work work
    And virus

  • Reply NNJ February 17, 2019 at 1:35 am

    Perfect ?

  • Reply NCLN No Commentary Livestream Network February 27, 2019 at 10:25 pm

    Viruses are legit the demons of the universe like god wouldnt make this so obiously satan did.. I mean i have a virus at the point of this comment… IM LITERALLY PRAYING FOR IT TO STOP

  • Reply HAYDEN ALLEN March 1, 2019 at 8:04 pm

    get you ozone dimmadome chromosome no hoe smoe joe knows no naruto down low infinity stone yo bro zone jemmadieah tho t pose skeet snow big tow small toe wevideo crap out of my sight.

  • Reply Mike Fluff March 1, 2019 at 10:49 pm

    "It's a Virus"
    – Arin Hanson

  • Reply Louie Cabrera March 4, 2019 at 12:28 am

    i live for you channel because of this channel i switched majors !

  • Reply Sensei Skellig March 8, 2019 at 10:49 am

    Groetjes uit de HHS!

  • Reply Its me Rafa March 12, 2019 at 2:10 am

    Hi sisters

  • Reply Alexiswiannebabes Samong March 15, 2019 at 10:02 am


  • Reply Rebecca John March 16, 2019 at 3:08 pm

    This video is really useful and easy to understand, but we were taught:
    Viruses don't have DNA, that's a very common mistake. They have Viral Genetic Material which is similar, but not the same thing as DNA. They cannot have DNA because they aren't living cells.

    You mentioned that they inject their DNA or RNA so I just wanted to make sure which theory is correct, I don't want to miss any marks in my GCSEs on this topic. Hopefully you'll reply to this comment ♥

  • Reply Daniel Aguilo March 22, 2019 at 3:29 am

    Can the bacteriophage be new medicine

  • Reply Emevet Hawaz March 23, 2019 at 10:03 am

    I usually don’t comment but this time I had to!!! You guys are hilarious!!! And of course helpful !! I love your videos ! So fun and entertaining to watch ❤️❤️❤️❤️” did I leave the oven on “ ???

  • Reply Dustin Phan April 2, 2019 at 12:35 am

    Thank you so much! Fun and educational!

  • Reply Meghan McGorty April 2, 2019 at 1:58 am

    thank you. just thank you!

  • Reply s10 5g king fox April 10, 2019 at 4:23 am


  • Reply Bo Tønnesen April 11, 2019 at 3:31 pm

    Hello everyone, I have a question about PCR detection of a virus of other mikroorganism. I have been searching for the answer i both my books and on the web but not been able to find at clear answer. It's probably fairly easy to answer, i just what to be completely sure so i wont get a question wrong for the exam this summer. I know how the PCR tecnique works and obviously you should use reverse-transcriptase PCR (RT-PCR) for all the RNA virusses. My question goes:

    You want to detect a virus and found out which virus infection a patient have. You take a sample from where you assume the virus will be, maybe feces or saliva. Then you run your PCR or RT-PCR, but don't you have to run multiple PCR's with different samples because you don't know which virus it is? furthermore you must have specific primers for the virusses you suspect the patient is infected with. Am i totally wrong? the after you've run PCR, then what do you do? you have an amplified virus genome, but don't you need to do some sequencing to identify which exact virus the patient has? In other words how does the identification of a virus with PCR work?

  • Reply Kelvin Njoroge April 14, 2019 at 3:02 pm

    This is virally funny and educative at the same time……can't believe I have so much information from cartoons

  • Reply Letícia Monteiro April 17, 2019 at 12:10 am

    Queria achar um canal assim aqui no Brasil, mas não achei, agora to aprendendo um pouco inglês também, parabéns!

  • Reply Taqifsha Nanen April 19, 2019 at 7:44 pm


  • Reply Joori Alheraiqi April 20, 2019 at 2:45 pm

    i have a final exam tommorow and im watching all these videos, wish me luckkkk

  • Reply Ethan Pruitt April 29, 2019 at 4:05 pm

    This is all wrong

  • Reply Andrew Amaya April 30, 2019 at 6:37 pm

    Like this comment if your in high school or middle school and had to either copy a link or scan the Q code to get to this video

  • Reply JEREMY ELTON April 30, 2019 at 7:05 pm

    i see you

  • Reply HENRY YEATES April 30, 2019 at 7:13 pm

    this video was terrible! Thanks!

  • Reply B-Series May 12, 2019 at 4:19 pm

    Yay I don't have to listen to my teacher anymore I can just watch stuff like dis

  • Reply Spicy Cat May 13, 2019 at 2:37 pm

    Antivirals are a virus version of antibiotics. What antivirals do is they prevent them from reproducing upon entering a cell.

  • Reply Spicy Cat May 13, 2019 at 2:41 pm

    Viruses can infect each other so when they put dna into a cell instead of reproducing the virus that binded onto the cell it reproduces the viron’s virus.

  • Reply will make you a genius by Luther Grant Tepace May 26, 2019 at 1:24 pm

    You already uploaded this remember one of your old videos we already talked about viruses no you're are noob

  • Reply Saghar Zekri May 31, 2019 at 6:00 pm

    so beautiful thanks a lot

  • Reply Manolo Corrales Montoya June 4, 2019 at 6:45 pm

    Anyone notice the virus cell with the cat looked like guldo?

  • Reply Booga04 Minecraft June 6, 2019 at 1:47 am

    This video is awesome. I hope it goes viral.

  • Reply Ezzie Aesthetic :3 June 6, 2019 at 9:15 am

    This was so helpful, Thank you so much!

  • Reply EmulatorNoob June 12, 2019 at 8:24 pm

    Are we not going to mention that phages can be used to treat bacterial infections?

  • Reply Rana Km June 17, 2019 at 11:23 pm

    Wow amazing! Love the way you’ve explained everything!!! Amazing. I’ve subbed

  • Reply sad sardine June 27, 2019 at 12:17 pm

    Nice, engaging video, with great narration. That's a subscribe and a like from me!

  • Reply PaulThomas Macaraeg June 28, 2019 at 11:15 pm

    I accidentally coughed on my computer…….


  • Reply XxPauliusLTxX July 4, 2019 at 8:15 pm

    for sec i thought it was pc virus

  • Reply Dan Mimis July 8, 2019 at 5:45 pm

    I'm trying to find out how the viruses mutate or how a new strain is created. I'm no doctor or biologist, just a curious engineer. So a virus makes copies of himself and then when it mutates all copies mutate too in the same new version because being copies of the original virus they are kinda entangled (ya know, like the subatomic particles) and they can communicate? — that would make them intelligent entities (and I'll tell you how to solve the problem)! What if n copies of a virus in the same organism (say inside Joe-6-pack) mutate in n different new versions — would Joe been carrying n different strains of the original virus?

  • Reply Amit Thakur July 10, 2019 at 8:22 pm

    Such a cute animation. That locust looked to cute

  • Reply Yadnika Karande July 17, 2019 at 12:56 pm

    This video helped me to understand. Thank you so much

  • Reply danish Azizan saptya putra July 21, 2019 at 11:51 am

    Bacteria is a good virus it kill superbug and bad bacteria

  • Reply The one and only jazz The autobot July 26, 2019 at 1:09 pm

    Antibiotics be like
    Phages be like
    Ok so we need to attack this bacteria and the other ones there good ones so ignore them

  • Reply Sharde 0006 July 27, 2019 at 1:32 pm

    The worst virus, called the Computer Virus, infects the battery cells (get it) of a computer. This virus has caused the break down of many species of computers, killing 1000 of unsuspecting computers each week. It slows down the metabolism of a computer. It can even cause errors in the core memory system.

  • Reply The MUSICUBER July 29, 2019 at 3:36 pm

    cool video
    and cute animation too… keep it up

  • Reply Carmen Brandt August 2, 2019 at 2:58 am

    does anyone know whether the Ebola virus is in the lytic cycle or the lysogenetic?

  • Reply Shakya Peiris August 9, 2019 at 3:57 pm

    Wow! this video is so good and easy to understand… I like the way they present it…

  • Reply Ultimate Quicksilver August 11, 2019 at 5:11 am

    How do even stop Alex Mercer in these cases?

  • Reply Random Videos August 15, 2019 at 11:50 am

    What is the name of the outro

  • Reply Taehyung's Camera August 24, 2019 at 5:01 am

    are viruses alive or not?

    most controversial question ever asked

    but still, what the answer?

  • Reply John aka Chara August 24, 2019 at 10:23 am

    3:38 Mr Other Cell I don't feel so good

  • Reply Jorge Perez August 28, 2019 at 10:17 pm

    No you

  • Reply Goku September 4, 2019 at 2:11 am

    thanks for the information about viruses…

    but what about computers?

  • Reply SuperVixen5 September 6, 2019 at 1:10 pm

    Virus in thumbnail: AAAAAAAAAAAAAA

  • Reply Xabier Asensio September 11, 2019 at 1:13 am


  • Reply EmilyVBR September 12, 2019 at 2:10 am

    Thank you

  • Reply Cami2346 September 13, 2019 at 2:26 am

    The “Sniffles B’gone” returns

  • Reply Elisa Collins Zinda September 13, 2019 at 2:57 pm

    I try so hard to source my videos from a variety of places…but time after time your videos have the right info at the right level. Thank you!

  • Reply A reminder September 16, 2019 at 9:16 am

    It is a helpful video!!!!

  • Reply Brandon Neil Sta. Teresa September 22, 2019 at 12:41 pm

    C O N T E N U O U S

  • Reply Saad Saad September 23, 2019 at 9:17 am


  • Reply Minchangas September 23, 2019 at 9:05 pm

    I have turned this video on and off about 500 times to watch a video without an ad at the start

  • Reply Beata Yacura September 28, 2019 at 12:20 pm

    Hello Amoeba Sisters again! It is me-Professor Beata Yacura-Your scientist!???‍??????
    I have a favorite virus. My favorite type of virus is the Bacteriophage! Why? Because they are helpful viruses. Scientists are using them for medicine to kill mutated bacteria!???
    I have a virus too! It is a harmless virus. It is called a wart. A wart is a virus that looks like a bump. In order to get rid of them fast, you can take a freeze away wart remover. Talk to you later!?

    P.S. I have a question, I do know and you told us that viruses are smaller then body cells and bacteria. But if the immune system recognizes and fights bacteria and viruses, why the helper T lymphocytes or helper T cells don’t recognize HIV??

  • Reply Hela Ester October 1, 2019 at 7:40 am

    Great content

  • Reply Roasted Carot October 1, 2019 at 1:21 pm

    if the amoeba sisters are both cells and were examining viruses at a close range, then how didnt either one get infected by any viruses trying to reproduce?

    this lore is W H A C K

  • Reply Mykaela Gomez October 3, 2019 at 1:25 am

    these video were so helpful to me when I was taking biology

  • Reply Isabella Gomez October 3, 2019 at 1:53 am

    Love this video it really helps like lots.??

  • Reply Valerie Valdivia October 8, 2019 at 5:35 am

    My favorite biology channel to watch , thank you for your existence.

  • Reply GD MUGZ THE GREAT October 8, 2019 at 2:16 pm

    HAHAHAHA, the ecosystem will die if you release a viral infection for pests

  • Reply A human person October 10, 2019 at 3:25 am

    You got the virus replication wrong, you did a bacteriophage which do NOT affect humans

  • Reply Leeann Hustead October 11, 2019 at 9:35 pm

    What diseases viruses cause during the lysogenic cycle and which kinds of viruses do the lysogenic cycle

  • Reply Alucard Lord October 17, 2019 at 2:46 pm

    1.How does ebola alive when virus are considered non living things
    2.And how do viruses die? When like i said it is non living things

    3.Do you mean they just swicth to deactivate mode? For ex. The virus is outside the body for years,, do they just deactivate?
    4. Or they can be activated again after of long years of being deactivated?

  • Reply Sem Rappange October 17, 2019 at 3:58 pm

    Don’t forget viruses can also infect other viruses. Nothing important just funny.

  • Reply Aziza B October 18, 2019 at 12:44 pm

    Amazing ??????

  • Reply Bektas Yalcin October 19, 2019 at 9:35 pm

    Am i the only one who knows Doctor Bacteriophage?

  • Reply greencapzelda October 20, 2019 at 10:51 pm


  • Reply Ben Nguyen October 23, 2019 at 2:28 pm

    So do I understand correctly that the lytic cycle is how a standard influenza virus replicates, while the lysogenic cycle is how a retro-virus does it? In the former, some of the cell's ribosomes are hijacked and make virus genes/proteins exclusively, while in the latter, the virus dna is inserted into the cell's normal dna?
    Is it known how an external trigger causes a (virus) gene to be expressed to make a protein/RNA? For example, I've read methylation is the epigenetic tool to keep a gene in the 'off' position, but there are proteins (ex. SIRT) that are doing the monitoring?

  • Reply Tiffany Co October 26, 2019 at 4:39 am

    hey amoeba sisters! do you mind answering this question for me? what is retrovirus?

  • Reply Natey Boi October 31, 2019 at 9:00 pm

    these guys would be like the best teachers

  • Reply Abdulhafz Mohammed November 6, 2019 at 8:30 am

    Why no find translation into Arabic language.?

  • Reply Paige Barlow November 8, 2019 at 4:13 am

    will this make me pass my bio 110 exam tomorrow

  • Reply Nathan November 8, 2019 at 8:09 pm

    (This Gospel Tract is posted regardless of location and subject with discernment. The bible says Christians are called to proclaim the uncompromised and complete biblical gospel (Matthew 24:14, Matthew 28:19-20, Romans 1:16, John 12:48));

    Are you Deceived By Church/Man's Sinful Ways, Vain Theologies, Sciences, Politics, Entertainment, etc?
    False/Demonic Religions, Evolution/Atheism, rapture, easy believe gospel, one modern pastor, pagan holidays (Christmas-Easter, etc) ritual gatherings, worldliness (movies, sports, entertainment, pet idolatry, etc), unbiblical dress, uncovered women's heads, instrumental music, worship pastors, youth pastors, building centered faith, no Matthew 18 discipline, the tithe, heretical reformers…do not be deceived!

    Good News! Find Eternal Life…
    1) Faith… in the finished work of Christ (fully man, fully God) and His perfect sacrifice for sins (John 3:16)

    2) Repentance … turning from your fallen mind and ways to God's Holy ways. (Luke 13:3)

    3) Born again… you must be born of God's spirit to ever see eternal life. In this new life, He gives you a new heart and mind to then serve Him. (John 3:3, John 3)

    4 ) Holiness with obedience…. if your changed by God you WILL, as fruit, strive to leave all sin, worldliness, carnality and false ways (like man made religion) and obey His commands and be holy in all your ways. (1 Peter 1:15 / Hebrews 5:9 / Hebrews 12:14)

    5) Endure in your faith…. You MUST keep clinging to Christ via this saving faith to the end of your life, lest you fall away and have believed in vain. (Matthew 24:13, Matthew 10 and 1 Corinthians 15)

    This is the biblical gospel to eternal life. All without Christ will perish in their sins in Hell, and, ultimately, in the Lake of Fire, for all eternity. Never ending torment. (Romans 3:23, Hebrews 4:13, Romans 6:23, Revelations 20).

    The gospel is not just a religious action. No, it changes your entire life and you NO LONGER live for yourself but live to serve God alone. Jesus said you MUST worship God in spirit and truth. John 4:24

    (Critical & Essential Note: To understand God's word, you have to have faith that God exists (Hebrews 11:6); have to repent and open up to God. God will give you wisdom and understanding (and a new life/being born again) if you sincerely repent and let Him help you, for He is the Word of God (John 1:1). If you don't, you will NEVER understand it in God's truth. This statement comes from the experience of a true follower of Christ whose fruit is complete obedience to the full and complete Gospel and God, by God's standards in His Word. Only then will you truly understand the Word of God/Bible. This is part of the many reasons why knowing, having, and sharing the complete gospel is so important for the true followers of Christ, and for those who don't know the things of God, unbelievers, and false christian converts.)

    Most Christians will be denied by Jesus Christ because they don't follow all of what the bible says. If you love Jesus Christ, you keep his commandments (John 14:15). We are to obey God as fruit (Not works!!!) to show that we are His! (John 14:23, James 1:22, Luke 9:23, and many others).

    Man made traditions, man's flawed theologies, etc has made God's commandments of none effect/null/void/useless! (Matthew 15, Mark 7:3-9, Jeremiah 10:1-5, Deuteronomy 5:32-33, and many other verses). Repent, be born again, obey God in holiness/obedience, and endure until the end, or Jesus will deny you! (Matthew 7:13-29 (v.23)).

    Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit, after the tradition of men, after the rudiments of the world, and not after Christ. (Colossians 2:8)

    There are some specific exceptions: In Luke 23:39-43 The thief on the cross saw Jesus as the Christ. The thief said that he was deserving of the death they were being put through, but said Jesus did not deserve it at all. He saw that he was deserving of death and changed his mind about himself, that he was a sinner and deserved what he was getting. Jesus, in His grace and mercy, forgave this thief and, in turn, the thief was given eternal life. (And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise. (Luke 23:43)) Likewise, when someone who is going to perish or has admitted they were sinners and called out to Jesus to forgive them, He will forgive them if they really mean it. God knows the heart and thoughts of every man. (Matthew 9:4)

    And Jesus said unto him, Verily I say unto thee, Today shalt thou be with me in paradise. (Luke 23:43)

    HOWEVER: There is no excuse if someone has (or has had) access to the bible in one way or another (Americans, Europeans, anyone having access to the internet, physical bible, etc). God expects all those who have such resources to use them to gain more understanding of Him and His Word, etc. NO EXCUSES! God knows both the inside and outside of a person. He knows all of your heart and all of your ways. Because of this situation, if we don’t obey, we will have our portion with the unbelievers, and that is ultimately in the lake of fire. (Read Luke 12) So do not practice sin, or this will be your destination.

    God has no pleasure in the death of the wicked (Ezekiel 18:23, 32, Ezekiel 33:11); why die when you can be forgiven and follow God in every facet of your life and live for eternity in God's Kingdom? God is not willing that anyone should perish, but come to repentance, and live (2 Peter 3:9). But you still have a choice….

    Bottom line: You are either righteous and walking with God or wicked following satan, the devil. (1 John 3). You will either live for all eternity with Christ because you lived for God and endured until the end, or perish in eternal torment in hell, then the lake of fire because you did not follow God when you had been given the opportunity to have faith in the death and resurrection of Christ (That Christ is God, died for you), repent and change your mind and ways to God's ways, have received a new heart and mind to serve God in every facet of your life, obey God in holiness, and endure until the end. God will be the just and perfect judge of all this. So repent and live for God so you can live for eternity with Him in His Heavenly Kingdom, will you? The exceptions do apply; God is also merciful. God's word cannot contradict itself, for it is inspired and breathed by God Himself (2 Timothy 3:16). God cannot contradict Himself. He is not the author of confusion (1 Corinthians 14:33), nor can He lie (Numbers 23:19, 1 Samuel 15:29, Psalm 89:35, Hebrews 6:18).

    If you repent (and are seeking assistance), looking for more information, visit and
    Read your bibles with good, biblical discernment! That's the most important thing! Obey The Gospel, Read God’s Word, ask God to help you, discern, judge biblically and living godly according to His Holy Word (etc)!

    (Note: No replies to the replies to this comment will be given. You may contact us via email on our web pages. Thank you for your time reading this.)

  • Reply Shafe November 10, 2019 at 4:26 pm

    well, I used to hate viruses…

  • Reply Chloe Inez November 12, 2019 at 2:11 am

    I’m depressed bc I have a test in biology tomorrow and I have no clue what’s going on.

  • Reply BubbleChubs _ November 14, 2019 at 2:17 am

    Is my laptop alive then?

    Wait…. Oh Jesus…

  • Reply BubbleChubs _ November 14, 2019 at 2:18 am

    Anyone here from FCPS biology?

  • Reply Aya Aya November 15, 2019 at 3:49 pm

    The animation is great!

  • Reply Twitch Cobraaa November 19, 2019 at 9:27 pm


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