Articles, Blog

UW 360 Season 6: Episode 9

September 5, 2019

SPEAKER 1: UW 360 is proudly
supported by Pacific Office Automation. Copy, print, workflow,
and IT, problem solved. SPEAKER 2: Support for UW
360 is provided by the Labor Archives of Washington. Learn more about researching
at the labor archives and donating collections
Today on UW 360, exploring the history
of workers and jobs in the Northwest, a story
filled with strikes, spies, even massacres. Plus something to
really crow about. The crow whisperer
himself gives us a deeper appreciation for
these incredibly smart birds. Also, see how a U-Dub
grad transformed his personal struggles
into seeds of hope for his fellow veterans. And parents may or may
not want to hear this. How playing video
games could help pay for your kids’ college,
straight ahead on UW 360. [MUSIC PLAYING] From the University of
Washington, welcome to UW 360. Hi, everyone. I’m Carolyn Douglas. Did you know the
U-Dub library system is ranked in the top 10
of all public research universities in the country
and that it has more than 5 million users every year? So when it comes to
researching life in our region, there is no better
place to learn than a U-Dub library,
which takes us to one small area of
UW special collections. It’s dedicated to the rich
history of the labor movement in the Pacific Northwest. It’s devoted to preserving
the records of working people, back to when there barely
even was a Seattle. Today, we begin a series
with the Labor Archives of Washington, starting
with this overview of the history of the labor
movement in our state. [MUSIC PLAYING] The sights and sounds
are everywhere, signs that men and
women are hard at work doing the heavy lifting,
making our community livable, while also
making sure they’re working for a living
wage, something embedded in our history. JAMES N. GREGORY: Some of
the biggest events in Seattle history turn on labor activism. The Seattle General
Strike is part of what the world knows about Seattle. SPEAKER 3: These
are your streets. This is your town. JAMES N. GREGORY: The WTO
demonstrations of 1999, the Battle of Seattle,
is known worldwide. CAROLYN DOUGLAS:
The labor movement in the Pacific Northwest
started more than 100 years before that. JAMES N. GREGORY: There
were strong unions in the 1880s in this region. And there have been
strong unions ever since. And Washington state and
Seattle in particular has a history that’s
often bound up with working-class struggles,
strikes, and the like. CAROLYN DOUGLAS:
Preserving labor history has been a crucial part of
the University of Washington libraries for years. MICHAEL W. MCCANN: There
have been labor archives and collections for many years,
going back decades and decades. The Labor Archives of
Washington is a name that’s been given
to sort of upgrading and formalization of
the labor archives as a discrete body of archives. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: To make
that happen, the UW Library’s Special Collection
Division teamed up with organized labor as well
as the Harry Bridges Center for Labor Studies, a UW center
honoring an important labor activist, Harry Bridges. SPEAKER 4: In San
Francisco, Harry Bridges is ordered to jail as a threat
to the national security. HARRY BRIDGES: I’m an officer
of a left-wing trade union, and that’s the way
those people think. And as long as my rank
and file feel that way, my job is to represent
them that way. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: In the
spirit of Bridges’ commitment to his members,
labor men and women ponied up the funds to
help create the Labor Archives of Washington, starting
with hiring an archivist. CONOR CASEY: Almost
immediately, I was able to accomplish
wonderful things, bringing in new collections,
daylighting collections, working with the labor
community around the state. So I’m opening up
a box right now– Hopefully, our work is
to really preserve it by rehousing it in
archival housings but also to really
deepen that access so that it’s different than
just storing it in your garage. It’s accessible to the public. And people can discover it
online and really understand what this history contained
in these boxes is. JAMES N. GREGORY: So it’s
a really important part of our memory, of our
psychology, of our life, of our culture. Consequently, we
need to preserve it. We need to be able to document
this part of our history. And that’s what the
Labor Archives does. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Making
sure generations to come can learn about the hard
work and struggles of the men and women before them. JAMES N. GREGORY: It has become
really a fantastic resource. CAROLYN DOUGLAS:
You can learn more about preserving
this history and also how to donate records by going
to the Special Collections page at the U-Dub Library website. Just head to the link on our
website at Still ahead on UW
360, a pesky problem or a terribly
misunderstood creature? We go inside the
hidden world of crows. Plus, see how U-Dub students
are playing a critical role at our local museums. And later, gaming his
way through college. How one U-Dub student
is paying for school by playing video games,
as UW 360 continues. SPEAKER 2: The
following UW 360 story is made possible by the
generous support of BECU. BECU, more than just money. [MUSIC PLAYING] CAROLYN DOUGLAS:
Welcome back to UW 360. Love them or hate
them, crows are some of the most common
birds in our neighborhoods and some of the
most misunderstood. But that’s changing,
thanks to the work of U-Dub researcher John
Marzluff, who’s giving the term bird brain a whole new meaning. Stacy Sakamoto reports. [CROW CAWING] STACY SAKAMOTO:
They’re in our parks. JOHN MARZLUFF: They’re
always gauging us. STACY SAKAMOTO: Our campuses. JOHN MARZLUFF: Are we going
to give them food or are we going to be a threat to them? [MUSIC PLAYING] STACY SAKAMOTO: And
our popular culture. JOHN MARZLUFF:
They’re certainly one of the most intelligent birds. STACY SAKAMOTO: University
of Washington Professor of Wildlife Science
John Marzluff has studied crows
for three decades. JOHN MARZLUFF: What we found
right away was that, basically, crows exist where people exist. Even in the remote
wilderness, it’s where there’s a campground
or something like that. STACY SAKAMOTO:
Marzluff’s newest research involves studying the
brain activity of crows. Researchers in the lab
expose the birds to something interesting, like food or
the sound of other crows. JOHN MARZLUFF: This
bird was looking at food and hearing about food. And so I was noting how
often it craned its neck and looked around. Was it swallowing? Did it leave its position? Which it did a couple
times and swallowed a lot, so it seemed very
motivated by the food. He’s OK. He’s getting– he’s
pretty relaxed. STACY SAKAMOTO: Then
the animals are sedated. JOHN MARZLUFF: Let’s do it. STACY SAKAMOTO: And
their brains are scanned. JOHN MARZLUFF: He really moved
his tail when the door opened. So far, it’s
demonstrated that they’re using the same
structures in their brain to recognize threats
and rewards as we would. STACY SAKAMOTO:
Marzluff’s research has also shown that crows are
highly intelligent animals that can recognize individual humans. Researchers wore a caveman
mask when they trapped birds. JOHN MARZLUFF: Showed
that it wasn’t just that weird-looking face that
they remembered, but they could remember and discriminate
among all these kinds of faces, some of which are very similar. STACY SAKAMOTO: Months
later, long after they were released back
into the wild, the crows would react when
they saw researchers wearing the caveman mask around campus. JOHN MARZLUFF: We
learned that when they see the mask of the
person that had captured them, they go crazy, basically. They dive at us and
attack and shriek. STACY SAKAMOTO: But
even more surprising is how long that’s
persisted, proof that crows that were caught
by a person wearing the mask have communicated their negative
experience to other birds. JOHN MARZLUFF: That behavior
in the field on campus here has persisted now for 10 years. And it’s been passed on
through the generations as a social tradition,
so everybody knows that this guy, when
he wears the mask that caught them, is bad. SPEAKER 5: Who
would have thought that I could pet a crow? STACY SAKAMOTO:
Crows treat people they perceive as friends
very differently. A crow in Vancouver, BC
that was raised by humans has its own Facebook page
full of friendly encounters. SPEAKER 5: Just me and my crow. Just hanging out. STACY SAKAMOTO: Crows create
a huge spectacle each night as they return to roost
near the UW Bothell campus. In the winter, before the birds
build nests in neighborhoods, 10,000 to 15,000 of them
nest at the Bothell campus, where they find
safety in numbers. JOHN MARZLUFF: With that
ability to work together, now they come together
to work cooperatively at night to survive a dangerous
time for them each night. That’s a pretty cool behavior,
and not many birds do that. He was doing that when he
was looking at the food– STACY SAKAMOTO:
Marzluff is hoping that his current
research continues to lead to even more knowledge,
respect, and an understanding of these birds. JOHN MARZLUFF: The more we
appreciate them and wonder about the things they do, the
more we might care about them and take care of the
world so that they have a place to survive
and carry out their lives. And to me, the
biggest message is we’re not alone in
this planet, but we’re in the company of
many, many animals that are just as
advanced as we are. [CROWS CAWING] CAROLYN DOUGLAS:
Marzluff says crows have been known to bring
gifts to people who feed them. He says crows have given people
car keys, even diamond rings. However, they will
also dive bomb you if they think you’re dangerous. OK. Now to a story that
shows just one more way that University of Washington
graduates are making the world a better place. One U-Dub grad shares
how he combined his own personal struggle
with post-traumatic stress disorder with his
U-Dub education to help his fellow veterans. CHRISTOPHER BROWN: I
was an infantryman, and I did three
deployments, twice to Iraq, once to Afghanistan. I was wounded on my
second deployment to Iraq. When I got out of the
Marines, I quickly realized that I was
struggling with PTSD. The counselor that
I saw encouraged me to start growing
plants as a way to reconnect with
my environment. My undergrad was focused
on human services. And I spent all my coursework
looking at veteran issues. And one day, it kind
of just clicked. Why don’t we combine
this agriculture stuff with these veteran
issues and use the farm as a catalyst for
veterans to reintegrate? Going to the University
of Washington and getting my
master’s in social work has been very helpful. I had professors who run
foundations in Seattle, years and years and years
of valuable knowledge that I was able to try
to glean from them. When we first started
Growing Veterans, we were on one [INAUDIBLE] farm. We had two staff members and
maybe a dozen or so volunteers. Now nearly four
years later, we’ve got three farms up and
down [INAUDIBLE] border, from Auburn all the way up
near the Canadian border. Every Thursday during
the growing season, we have a farmer’s market stand
at the VA Puget Sound Health Care System on Beacon
Hill down in Seattle. To come out to the
farm and see other vets supporting each other, taking
the courageous step to seek counseling, for me it
completely validates that what we’ve created works. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Three-time
Marine combat veteran and Growing Veterans
founder Christopher Brown has since changed his role
from executive director to president of the
board of directors so that he can
focus on his career as a PTSD counselor
for veterans. Up next on UW 360,
a U-Dub program teaches students how to
transform empty spaces into amazing displays. We get a course in museology. And get ready to meet Silent
Wolf, the U-Dub student who’s paying for college by playing
video games, as UW 360 continues. [MUSIC PLAYING] Welcome back, everyone. Every community has a story. And the U-Dub is helping
many communities tell theirs through its museology
graduate program. The nationally
acclaimed program is dedicated to preparing
museum professionals to make a difference in our world. And you might be surprised to
learn what a tremendous role U-Dub students
play in supporting our local museums by
helping many of them design and display their exhibits. BRIANA BRENNER: This
basket’s from the north, is what we were told. And then also, this one
has porcupine quills on it, which is pretty coll. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: At the
Edmunds Historical Museum, Briana Brenner is helping
bring history to life. BRIANA BRENNER: I
think it’s about being able to connect with the past
and the history and people and just bringing it all
together into one place. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Briana is
working with the museum’s director to display
an exhibit on loan from the Burke
Museum called Salish Bounty about traditional
Coast Salish food. Telling a complicated story
through photos and captions isn’t easy. BRIANA BRENNER:
And sometimes it’s really hard, because you’re
like, oh, I love this story, but it has nothing to do
with what you’re actually trying to tell visitors. So just trying to
find that balance and making sure that you’re
staying on your theme. WILSON O’DONNELL: I think
it’s an important concept– CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Briana
is in her final weeks of the U-Dub’s two-year
museology graduate program, the only one of
its kind in the state. SPEAKER 6: Yes, it’s kind of
set up as a timeline, but– CAROLYN DOUGLAS: The
program is nationally acclaimed but a bit of
a secret here at home. BRIANA BRENNER:
Whenever I’m like, oh, yeah I’m a U-Dub
museology student, they’re like, is that music? Are you studying Greek muses? No. Has to do with museums. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: The
program has taught her how to help community
museums like this one design and display their exhibits. BRIANA BRENNER: This is
the tradition section. CAROLYN DOUGLAS:
She was also part of the team of U-Dub
graduate students who helped design the display
for the city of Edmonds’ 125th anniversary last
summer, much of which is still on display. For Briana, the U-Dub
program was a perfect fit. BRIANA BRENNER: It was
one of the top programs in the country, so I was
really, I want to go there. SPEAKER 6: Begin the process. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Her
Exhibit Design class is led by U-Dub Professor
Wilson O’Donnell. WILSON O’DONNELL: So it’s
really about a storyline, how that lays out within the space. It’s a difficult space. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: It’s
an intricate lesson in show and tell, with Professor
O’Donnell guiding the students to both show a key part
of a community’s history and then tell the
story around it. WILSON O’DONNELL:
We are about trying to have our students both
assist in community projects and help local
organizations move forward as well as give
them the opportunity to get really important,
direct, hands-on experiences throughout the community. BRIANA BRENNER: The
telephone company– CAROLYN DOUGLAS: It was
that hands-on experience that changed the course
of Brianna’s career. BRIANA BRENNER: I never really
wanted to go into exhibits, but this has given
me at least a step into understanding how
those come together and understanding how they work. And I can apply that
to my future career. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: A
career which she now hopes to launch at a community
museum like this one. BRIANA BRENNER: It’s not about,
hey, look, I put up an exhibit. It’s about, hey, look,
visitors are actually getting something
out of this exhibit. CAROLYN DOUGLAS:
Professor O’Donnell says the museology
program is always looking for new opportunities
to work with community partners. If you’d like to
learn more, just head to the link on our website. Up next on UW 360, how the
gamer known as Silent Wolf turned his love of video
games into a pretty profitable profession, all while
getting his degree, too. UW 360 will be right back. [MUSIC PLAYING] Welcome back to UW 360. We’ve all seen how
video games can take an entire country by storm,
like the Pokemon Go craze. And for some folks,
gaming can go far beyond mere entertainment. Take one U-Dub undergrad who
turned his hobby into a pretty impressive paycheck. Austin Siedentopf
introduces us to student and professional gamer
Otto Silent Wolf Bisno. AUSTIN SEIDENTOPF: When
college undergrads consider getting a job to
help pay the bills, very few consider playing
video games as an option. But for one UW student, playing
Super Smash Brothers Melee has been a way to make
more than just a living. OTTO SILENT WOLF BISNO:
I have enough grants to pay for tuition,
and so I’m paying for my own expenses, like rent
and food and stuff like that. But I’ve been living off of
Smash for the last couple years exclusively,
although I never planned on making a
career out of playing Smash when I initially started. AUSTIN SEIDENTOPF:
Otto Silent Wolf Bisno is just one of a
few people worldwide who can call themselves
a professional gamer. OTTO SILENT WOLF BISNO:
When I did that [INAUDIBLE], I wasn’t trying to be
that far to the right. AUSTIN SEIDENTOPF: Attending
and winning tournaments like this one, hosted by
UW’s Smash Club at you UW’s Intellectual House is
just another day in the office. OTTO SILENT WOLF
BISNO: In a sense, there are a lot of
parallels between being a competitive gamer and let’s
say, a professional basketball player or something. A lot of the mentality is
there, like certain aspects, like not getting too
comfortable when you get a lead and how to fight that. SPEAKER 7: Aw, that will do it. 3-1, the CLG SFAT takes it. AUSTIN SEIDENTOPF: How
popular has this become? It’s standard for tournaments
now to stream play-by-play commentary and,
yes, even post-game interviews to thousands of
viewers across the world. SPEAKER 7: Do you feel good
taking away Silent Wolf’s rent money? CLG SFAT: Oh, yeah. Absolutely. OTTO SILENT WOLF BISNO: We need
to pay more attention to that. OWEN XIA: Otto’s actually
my favorite player, because you have to be able
to think and execute 10 steps ahead of your opponent. AUSTIN SEIDENTOPF: Recently
sponsored by Team Secret and ranked as 11th
in the world, Otto was on the main stage for Melee
in the new world of e-sports. SPEAKER 8: A top
prize of $6.6 million. OWEN XIA: It’s exactly
what it sounds like. You’ve made video
games into a sport. You monetized it in
such a way that it has thousands and
millions of viewers, and people are able to
gather by the hordes to watch people play
a video game, right? OTTO SILENT WOLF BISNO: If
you can create something else, I’ll play off of it. So let’s just try
the general strategy. And if it doesn’t
excitement around e-sports has definitely reached
the UW community– REBEKAH WONG: Look at this. I can see everyone. AUSTIN SEIDENTOPF:
–where a Smash Brothers scene has been steadily
growing for a couple of years. REBEKAH WONG: I really
like the community itself. I think it’s just really cool
how everyone is so involved and they’re really welcoming. AIDEN MCCAIG: I’ve gotten to
know all those communities, and I’m like, wow, I want to
bring these people together in one place. OTTO SILENT WOLF BISNO: I did do
one, like, kind of sick thing. I did, like, the [INAUDIBLE]. AUSTIN SEIDENTOPF:
Despite the attention that Otto has gotten
from his accomplishments, he insists on staying focused
on what matters to him. OTTO SILENT WOLF BISNO: As cool
as being a professional gamer is, I do believe it’s
not a lifelong career. So it’s nice to have a backup. I’m really interested in
science in general, particularly interested in
paleontology, anything to do with organisms that
lived millions of years ago, what the structure of
the Earth was like back then. And at some point, maybe
a year or two from now, I do plan on doing
both at the same time. SPEAKER 7: That’s it. What a final stop
from Silent Wolf. SPEAKER 9: I can’t
believe this guy. AUSTIN SEIDENTOPF: For
Silent Wolf and e-sports in the years to come, who knows? Just maybe, you’ll become a fan. CAROLYN DOUGLAS: Many
of Silent Wolf’s fans understand his decision to
prioritize school over Smash, but they’ll also
be happy to hear he plans to return
to full-form gaming when he graduates with his
Bachelor of Science degree. And that does it for
this edition of UW 360. If you’d like more information
on any of the stories you saw today, just head to our
website at You’ll also find us on
Facebook and Twitter. I’m Carolyn Douglas. Thank you for watching. And we’ll see you next
time with all new stories from the University
of Washington. [MUSIC PLAYING]

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