Articles, Blog

Urinary Tract Infections in Dogs (UTI’s)

August 14, 2019

Urinary Tract Infections Hello I am Dr. Mike. Urinary tract infection
is a very common problem found in dogs. Unfortunately, many pet owners may not realize their pet
has an infection. For a brief overview of urinary tract infections in dogs, we are going
to visit with Dr. Jeff Glass. Urinary tract infection is an infection that occurs in the
urinary tract. This is usually divided up into three different places it can occur.
It can be in the lower urinary tract, which is below the bladder, in the bladder, or above
the bladder in the kidneys. It is very difficult to know where dogs get urinary tract infections
from. Sometimes it can be from the skin, sometimes it can be from lying on a contaminated environment,
and sometimes it can be something that comes by the blood. To be very frank with you, we
don’t really know where these infections come from in many cases. The science of urinary
tract infections can be very varied. Sometimes we’ll find a urinary tract infection coincidentally
with the dog showing no signs at all, and sometimes it can be where owners will complain
about the dog urinating more frequently, urinating small amounts, blood in the urine, even pain
urinating, and sometimes we’ll see dogs that will drink more, and that can often be a sign
of urinary tract infection. To diagnose urinary tract infection, it will be based on the clinical
signs that your dog will show. It’s always important to try to get a urine sample to
be able to get a correct diagnosis. If there’s evidence of infection, it would be a good
idea to get a culture of the urine as well. Collecting the sample can be done in various
ways. You can either bring a sample in to your veterinarian, or they can collect one
using a catheter. The best way to get a sample would be to get it directly from the bladder
because that’s a sterol sample with no contaminate at all, and therefore if we do see a problem
or infection, we know that it’s actually in the bladder or alternatively in the kidneys.
The way that this is done is by putting a needle directly into the bladder, which can
be done by holding the bladder or alternatively with an ultrasound to guide the needle into
the bladder. Both of those ways sound more dramatic than they really are, but it’s no
pain or discomfort or risk to your pet at all. It’s important to diagnose urinary tract
infections early because sometimes the infection that you see or the bacteria that you see
in the bladder can be only part of the problem. What happens is that bacteria cannot survive
in a very acidic urine, which is the normal urine of a dog. What the bacteria does is
they release enzymes, which change the pH, in other words, make that no longer acidic
and make it something called alkaline. When that happens, there’s a chemical procedure
that happens and that results in crystals often forming in the bladder. These crystals
can be very irritating to the bladder, and when many crystals form together,
they can result in bladder stones. Often it is necessary to remove these stones
by a surgery. Also this infection can then migrate up into the kidneys and result in
a kidney infection, which is a lot more dangerous and serious than a bladder infection. If you
treat the infection early, we can avoid this from happening. Treatment of the bladder infection
is very varied. It can depend on the bacteria that you find in the urine, which ideally
you want to diagnose on a culture, and when you do a culture you can then do a sensitivity.
What a sensitivity is, is you are testing the bacteria against various types of antibiotics
to determine which is the best antibiotic to kill of that infection. Usually, that is
all that is necessary if it’s a bacterial infection. There can be different types of
fungal yeast infections, but those are pretty rare. If there are stones or crystals in the
bladder, sometimes they can be dissolved by various foods, and sometimes
it’s necessary to do surgery to remove those stones. After completing the course of antibiotics,
it is really important to know that the infection is absolutely resolved. This can be done by
collecting a urine sample and sending it off to the lab for a culture where they will attempt
to grow out the bacteria that were in the bladder. If the culture is negative, we can
know for sure that this infection is gone. Sometimes we will see that different bacteria
can grow, or alternatively, we will find that the same bacteria is continuing to grow, which
either means that we have not resolved the problem, or that we have a resistant bug and
we need to change to different kind of antibiotic. It is important to recognize the signs of
a urinary tract infection. If not diagnosed, these infections can lead to a severe illness
or even formation of bladder stones. Many dogs do not show any clinical signs of an
infection. That is why I recommend that your pet have
a urinalysis performed during their routine physical exam. I am Dr. Mike and thanks for


  • Reply yazipama YAZI October 2, 2010 at 2:41 am

    thanks for post the video
    god bless

  • Reply Nancy Loves Dogs. January 28, 2011 at 1:31 pm

    This was very informative and well done. Thank you.

  • Reply airrick16 June 22, 2011 at 9:03 pm

    struvite crystals

  • Reply M August 11, 2011 at 12:19 am

    thanks for this video

  • Reply Ejtovey August 7, 2012 at 4:43 am

    Oh my gosh my dog probably has this….. :'(

  • Reply Stephanie Sousa October 4, 2012 at 7:14 pm

    Thanks for sharing this video. Really great information. There is also a great line of products called Cranimals that can help that my dog loves. 🙂

  • Reply Pawcheck4us November 6, 2012 at 3:29 pm

    Visit Pawcheck4us channel for videos on dog urine collection and Urinary Tract Infection early screening.
    Website: PAWCHECK.COM

  • Reply tiredmom101 September 11, 2013 at 10:05 pm

    You state "It's important to recognize the symptoms of UTIs"….yet NOTHING is shown or explained in this video for us to recognize them! This video is somewhat pointless.

  • Reply Bohs Choir September 11, 2013 at 11:27 pm

    The signs are listed out at 1:05-1:12

  • Reply Codlipps April 29, 2015 at 10:41 am

    My dog peed blood yesterday it was really thick congealed blood he done that twice…his pee is thinner now but there is still blood in the pee. I took him to the vets and they gave him a course of antibiotics,ive got to keep an eye on him for 2 days then take him back down there if it hasn't cleared up. I hope it's nothing serious. He's a weimaraner 10 nearly 11 year's old but in good shape. He still eating as normal and his normal self.

  • Reply Jacqueline Sanchez May 12, 2015 at 6:08 am

    Very helpful.. thanks for the info

  • Reply Sara Livingston June 25, 2015 at 6:32 pm

    Very helpful, my dog Roxy was experiencing blood in the urine and frequent urination. Thanks so much, saved my dogs life!!

  • Reply Leyla Flower January 27, 2016 at 3:47 am

    Can you give a dog yogurt to kill off the bacteria for uti?

  • Reply Raquel Fonseca August 2, 2016 at 4:10 pm

    cramberry supplements REALLY help with UTI for humans and pets.. this one has really worked for me s the best cramberry supplement i ve come accross

  • Reply Fernanda Lopez November 18, 2016 at 4:22 am

    how much would this cost to treat? I was recently given a puppy and he shows all but one of the signs. I thought id only be going to the vet to get him vaccinated and need to budget.

  • Reply shubham modankar September 1, 2017 at 12:56 pm

    can anybody help me my female lab having problem in her urine whenever she pee white discharge cones out and because of that she yet not came on heat these is going on since from two month what to do help me

  • Reply Harshvardhan Thakre December 22, 2017 at 12:20 pm


  • Reply Cassidy Paige September 20, 2018 at 1:37 am

    My dog has recurrent UTI I'm talking once a month. I work at a vet clinic and the one doctor I work with cannot figure out why she keeps getting them. I put her on the RC Urinary SO food. I give her the Cranadin supplement made by Nutromax. I wipe her down there with a baby wipe twice a day. and I also had her urine sent out for culture. And no growth. I'm stumped.

  • Reply Haley B December 21, 2018 at 4:26 pm

    My dog got so.sick everyone. Be aware of your potty trained pup starting to be in the house and cant hold their pee!! He vomitted and had diarrhea. Get antibiotics asap! My pup couldn't walk, was peeing on himself. He is better now after antibiotics.

  • Leave a Reply