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Semen Analysis Test: Purpose and Understanding of Results

October 23, 2019

Hi, I am Dr Sweta Gupta, Clinical Director, Medicover Fertility, Today’s topic of discussion
is semen analysis test, what is it and what does a semen analysis report show? What is semen analysis test? Semen analysis test is also known as a
sperm count test, it analyses the quality of a sperm. Semen is the fluid containing sperm that is
released during ejaculation. The test mainly measures 3 major factors of
a sperm’s health i.e. • The number of sperms
• The shape of the sperm • And, the movement of the sperm
Why is a semen analysis test done? • A semen analysis test is recommended when
a couple is facing problem in conceiving, to check for male factor infertility. What is the procedure for semen analysis test? Semen analysis test is the laboratory testing
of freshly ejaculated semen and the test begins with physical examination of the semen like
determination of pH, volume, viscosity and its colour. The semen is examined microscopically after staining
to determine the motility, count, morphology and vitality of the sperm. What does a semen analysis report show? The test report gives us a detailed breakup
of the different properties of the semen along with the sperm count in the semen. They are
1. Sperm count – It should be above 15 million/mL
of semen to be considered as normal range as per WHO 2. Sperm morphology – It should be above 4%
to achieve pregnancy 3. Sperm motility – Should be above 40% for
successful fertilisation of egg by a sperm 4. Volume of semen – Should be in the range
of 2-5mL, if it is low, then the male could be suffering from a blockage in the ejaculatory
duct 5. Liquefaction time- The semen should liquify
in 15-30 minutes time otherwise motility would be affected. 6. Appearance – It should be greyish white in
colour, yellow colour semen or green colour semen might be due to some infection. 7. pH balance – It should be between 7.2-7.8. If the pH is more it can be due to an infection,
and if its less it might suggest blockage in the ejaculatory duct
8. Vitality – At least 58% of the sperms should
be alive for a successful pregnancy 9. Fructose level – a positive fructose test
in semen is normal, absence of fructose might indicate problem with the seminal vesicles. 10. White blood cells – WBC counts should be
less than 1 million/mL of semen, more counts suggest infection. What does an abnormal semen analysis report
mean? An abnormal semen analysis report
mean that either the sperm count is low, or the sperms have poor motility andmorphology
which can affect fertility. The acidity of the semen and the presence
of WBC may also affect fertility. What should you do in case you find your
semen analysis report to be abnormal? Only one abnormal report wouldn’t mean
that you are infertile. The report can be affected by a recent illness,
anxiety or other factors. It is best to repeat the test after one or
two weeks and compare the reports. In case of repeated abnormal reports, you
can visit us at Medicover Fertility, where we would analyse your semen analysis report
to give a proper diagnosis and suggest the best treatment plan. Thank you for watching this video, if you
have any questions or concerns regarding semen analysis test you can drop your questions
in comment section or call us on 7862800700. Do subscribe to our channel for more informative


  • Reply pooja sethi July 19, 2018 at 4:59 pm

    Mam husband k spem nil hai azoospermia hai

  • Reply Sunil Mishra April 3, 2019 at 3:47 am

    Seman azoospermia ka test kha hota h delhi me please mam reply

  • Reply Prodip Mistry May 22, 2019 at 7:37 am

    Spermatocytic count-80millions.motility-75dead spermatozoa-15pegnancy habe

  • Reply Faisal Shaikh July 10, 2019 at 6:57 pm

    I have yellow thin sperm since half month of 2017 that's why my sex power is low.Before 2017 i had thick sperm with full power but now what is that ?

  • Reply Laila Nazary August 1, 2019 at 4:18 am

    Is sperm viscosity affect male fertility?

  • Reply Ma rahman August 20, 2019 at 1:35 pm

    Pus cell report 1/4 is a normal in sperm
    Semen fructose .. present

  • Reply Kumaran T August 25, 2019 at 3:38 pm

    When we can give our sperm for semen test . Is any time limit
    That means yesterday itself somebody ejaculated then shall he give the next day for semen test
    Pls reply

  • Reply ladies fassion August 27, 2019 at 8:19 pm

    If semen is nill what he should do

  • Reply rizia dias September 4, 2019 at 2:05 pm

    Love u dr, it was vry information video

  • Reply Navaj Khan September 18, 2019 at 8:10 am

    Mam my seman 2 ml
    Total sperm count 30 mil
    Mobility 25%
    Sloggish motile.15%
    Non motile.60%
    Puch cell 2-3
    Epithial cell nil
    RBC nill
    Report kaisi kiya muje medicine ki jrurat h

  • Reply Mini Hexa October 15, 2019 at 7:05 am

    dear mam how to increase pH unit. My ph unit is 6.7 and Puss cells is 4-5 please help mam

  • Reply All In First New Movie October 19, 2019 at 2:49 am

    Madam, help me one question prolp

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