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Outbreaks, Epidemics and Pandemics

December 19, 2019


Outbreaks , epidemics, and pandemics. An outbreak
is a term used to describe a sudden rise in the occurrence of a disease. An epidemic is
a widespread occurrence of a disease a step up from an outbreak. A pandemic is an occurrence
of a disease throughout an entire country or sometimes throughout the entire world.
This is a step up from en epidemic. There’s a cyclosporiasis outbreak from June to August
2013 caused by food. Occurring in the United States there is a total of 631 cases recorded,
49 hospitalizations, and no deaths. Another example of an outbreak would be the recent
reports of polio myelitis in October 2013. There were 10 cases in the Syrian Arab Republic
and there haven’t been any reports of polio in Syria since 1999. They are trying to stop
the spread of the disease with vaccination campaigns and the help of neighboring countries.
An example of an epidemic could be the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, or SARS, in 2003.
This was a global epidemic although it was first reported in Asia in February of 2003.
It took the lives of about 800 people worldwide. The 2012-2013 season of influenza in the United
States would be another example of an epidemic. Occurrences were increasing through November
and December until they peaked around late December. 12,337 were hospitalized and there
were a total of 149 deaths. A pandemic example could be the Swine Flu in 2009. It started
in Mexico and the virus went global after the Mexican government failed to contain it.
There were about 284,500 deaths and many more infections. The Swine Flu started in April
2009 and ended in August 2010. Another example of a pandemic is HIV, or AIDS. In 2011 there
are an estimated 34 million people living with HIV in the United States and 1.8 million
deaths were caused by it. First announced in 1981, this disease is still going around.
Citations. Google, Wikipedia, NY Times, Live Science, and CDC. Created by AG, MH, JG, and
ER.

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