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Multiple streptococcal Infections

August 25, 2019

Amoxicillin (amox), also spelled amoxycillin,
is an antibiotic useful for the treatment of a number of bacterial infections. It is
the first line treatment for middle ear infections. It may also be used for strep throat, pneumonia,
skin infections, and urinary tract infections among others. It is taken by mouth. Common side effects include a nausea and rash.
It may also increase the risk of yeast infections and, when used in combination with clavulanic
acid, diarrhea. It should not be used in those who are allergic to penicillin. While usable
in those with kidney problems the dose may need to be decreased. Its use in pregnancy
and breastfeeding appear to be okay. Amoxicillin first became available in 1972.
It is on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines, the most important
medications needed in a basic health system. It is one of the most commonly prescribed
antibiotics in children. Amoxicillin is available as a generic medication. It has a wholesale
costs between 0.02 and 0.05 USD per pill. In the United States ten days of treatment
costs about 16 USD. Amoxicillin is used in the treatment of a
number of infections, including acute otitis media, streptococcal pharyngitis, pneumonia,
skin infections, urinary tract infections, Salmonella infections, Lyme disease, and chlamydia
infections. It is also used to prevent bacterial endocarditis in high-risk people having dental
work done, to prevent Streptococcus pneumoniae and other encapsulated bacterial infections
in those without spleens, such as people with sickle-cell disease, and for both the prevention
and the treatment of anthrax. The United Kingdom recommends against its use for infectious
endocarditis prophylaxis. These recommendations do not appear to have changed the rates of
infection for infectious endocarditis. Amoxicillin and amoxicillin-clavulanate have
been recommended by guidelines as the drug of choice for bacterial sinusitis, but most
sinusitis is caused by viruses, for which amoxicillin and amoxicillin-clavulanate are
ineffective, and the small benefit gained by Amoxicillin may be overridden by the adverse
effects. Amoxicillin is occasionally used for the treatment of skin infections, such
as acne vulgaris. It is often an effective treatment for cases of acne vulgaris that
have responded poorly to other antibiotics, such as doxycycline and minocycline. Side effects are similar to those for other
β-lactam antibiotics, including nausea, vomiting, rashes, and antibiotic-associated colitis.
Loose bowel movements (diarrhea) may also occur. Rarer side effects include mental changes,
lightheadedness, insomnia, confusion, anxiety, sensitivity to lights and sounds, and unclear
thinking. Immediate medical care is required upon the first signs of these side effects. The onset of an allergic reaction to amoxicillin
can be very sudden and intense; emergency medical attention must be sought as quickly
as possible. The initial phase of such a reaction often starts with a change in mental state,
skin rash with intense itching (often beginning in fingertips and around groin area and rapidly
spreading), and sensations of fever, nausea, and vomiting. Any other symptoms that seem
even remotely suspicious must be taken very seriously. However, more mild allergy symptoms,
such as a rash, can occur at any time during treatment, even up to a week after treatment
has ceased. For some people allergic to amoxicillin, the side effects can be fatal due to anaphylaxis. Use of the amoxicillin/clavulanic acid combination
for more than one week has caused mild hepatitis in some patients. Young children having ingested
acute overdoses of amoxicillin manifested lethargy, vomiting, and renal dysfunction.


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  • Reply Janno Xasan July 18, 2016 at 4:37 pm


  • Reply SoundBitesAreNotEnough ForMe October 7, 2016 at 5:49 am

    According to Doctors Without Borders, prescription prices will soar and drug patents will be extended for years if the Trans Pacific Partnership agreement (TPP) is passed. Here is their video:

    Joint letter by Doctors Without Borders, Oxfam America, AARP, AFL-CIO, and GPA

    A vote on the TPP is expected this year after the presidential election. Here is one thing you can do right now to stop it.

    There are federal and state agencies that purchase drugs in bulk to obtain get lower prices. Many organizations believe that the Investor State Dispute Settlement section of the TPP would allow pharmaceutical companies to challenge the discounts of purchasing medicine in bulk and thus increase government spending to pay for the price increase which would cause higher taxes or less government spending (for road maintenance, safety inspectors, air traffic controllers, etc.).

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