Hey guys, this is your online family doctor – Dr. Sam. Now, in this video I’m going to be talking all about jock itch, the causes, symptoms and best treatments. Welcome to my channel SwiftMedNZ. If you have a question that you’d like me to make a video on please post it in the comments below. And if you enjoy this video, please remember to subscribe and you can also hit the little notification bell, next to the subscribe button, so that you don’t miss out on any of our latest videos. Firstly, what is jock itch? Well jock itch is also called Tinea Cruris, which is a common fungal infection of the groin and most often happens in adult men. What does jock itch look like? Well it looks very similar to ringworm. The rash has a red, raised, scaly border that spreads down the inner thighs from the groin or scrotum. What causes jock itch? Well it usually starts from a fungal infection of the feet called “athlete’s foot” which is then scratched by the fingernails and spread. Or it can be caught by using an infected towel. Often this happens in locker rooms. Interestingly, in different parts of the world, different fungi species cause jock itch. What are the symptoms of jock itch? Itching and soreness around the groin, scrotum and upper thigh. There’s also a rash present in this area and also sometimes the buttock. The rash doesn’t usually affect the vagina, penis or anus. Is jock itch contagious? Yes, it is mildly contagious because it requires direct skin-to-skin contact with someone who has the disease or wearing the clothing of someone who already has the skin disease. What are the treatments for jock itch? The best treatments for jock itch are an antifungal cream that you can buy over the counter or on prescription. I would try something like Clotrimazole 1% cream, or a cream that has both an antifungal and a mild steroid in it like “Micreme H”. This should be applied to the rash and the surrounding four to six centimeters of normal skin, twice daily, for at least a week. Please don’t use “steroid only” creams because this will make the infection worse. If that doesn’t work, a short course of oral antifungal tablets should do the trick. I would suggest something like Itraconazole 200 milligram tablets, twice daily, for seven days. I can hear you asking, Dr. Sam – I’ve tried those treatments and it’s still there, what should I do? Well if those treatments haven’t worked, it’s likely that it’s actually something else. So there are lots of causes of groin itch and if you’re unsure it’s best to be seen by a doctor for a proper examination and they may take some skin scrapings to confirm the diagnosis. Other conditions that cause groin itch include psoriasis, seborrheic dermatitis, lichen simplex and eczema. How do you prevent jock itch? If you want to learn different ways and tricks of preventing jock itch, please check out the description below where I list my top tips. Thanks for watching, and if you enjoyed this please check out our other videos on skin infections.