Fungi are similar to plants. They get food
by absorbing nutrients from their surroundings. Many fungi play a crucial role in decomposition
(breaking things down) and returning nutrients to the soil. They are
also used in medicine, one example being the antibiotic, penicillin.
Mycosis is a disease caused by a fungus, and fungi that cause diseases are called pathogenic
fungi. Some live on the surface of the skin or in
the patient’s hair, this includes ringworm and athlete’s foot.
Systemic mycosis is a fungal infection that reaches any part of the body, like the brain
and heart. The fungi usually enter via the lungs, gastrointestinal tract
or intravenously. This can cause serious illnesses like meningitis or lung