How can Candida Albicans (Yeast) Increase Blood Results? – R&R Law Group

August 15, 2019

– If somebody’s stopped for a DUI, their blood gets pulled out of their body and shoved into one of
these Vacutainer tubes. Once it’s in there, it’s
supposed to be protected, it’s supposed to be
preserved by preservatives. Notice salts here at
the bottom of the tube. But what happens if somebody’s blood has some sort of a contamination in there, or something gets into this system that will actually cause
this solution to ferment? Meaning that alcohol will form on its own, just due to a chemical
reaction that’s taking place within the tube. This is called endogenous
alcohol formation, and we’re talking, today,
specifically about a yeast known as Candida albicans. What can happen is, a
couple different things, but let’s take a look at
the very first simple one. So this is a blood tube, this
came from a Tri-Tech kit. This is literally where they
puncture this into the hub, into the vein, into the needle,
which goes into the vein, and the blood will fill this tube up. This is a Vacutainer, okay? Which means, within this tube itself, there is negative pressure. So if you puncture this, it’s
gonna suck a bunch of air in, because the air has been pulled out of it, it’s like a vacuum in there. And so, if somebody’s arm, or somebody’s area where
that needle is going into, is infected, if it’s
got some sort of yeast, if it has some sort of
a contaminant in there, and it’s not properly
cleaned or swabbed, the air from the puncture can be
sucked right into this tube. So it’s not only that it’s
just sucking in your blood, but it’s actually sucking
in whatever’s on your skin in those areas, that’s why they swab the area where they’re
drawing the blood from. So it’s important that
that is nice and clean, otherwise, you’ll get yeast in here. How do you create alcohol? You put yeast in there. Yeast will break down the glucose, and produce alcohol as a byproduct. So if you get yeast in
here, in a blood sample, that can turn the glucose that’s
in the blood into alcohol, and actually arbitrarily,
or artificially, inflate the amount of alcohol
that’s in this system, that’s in here, that was never in here. So that’s why it’s important
that this blood draw is clean, and it’s done properly, and
they follow the proper protocols prior to ever inserting the needle. The other thing that you wanna check for is an expiration date. So here, on every single tube, you’ll see an expiration date. What they’re saying is that if, that these preservatives
won’t necessarily expire, but what will expire is the seal, here. So the seal, that keeps this
as a closed environment, and that keeps the blood
in here, may actually break or leak or allow for
air to come in and out. And the yeast that we’re talking about, Candida albicans, it’s everywhere. It’s in, some studies say it’s
in 40 to 60% of all people. It’s in people’s mouths,
it’s in people’s feet, it’s in people’s body all
over, it’s in their intestines. This is stuff that is
literally everywhere. And normally, it’s not
that big of a problem, but if it gets into a blood sample, that’s when it becomes a big issue. What happens after this is
this sample is then taken, it’s stored, it’s put in evidence,
it’s stored in a freezer, it’s often taken back out and left on lab counters,
it’s left everywhere. And what can happen when you do that is the actual yeast in here will
have that chemical reaction with a person’s blood, and
create, and artificially elevate the amount of alcohol
that’s within this sample. There’s a book that
many defense lawyers use by a gentleman named James Nesci who compares this to a gallon of milk. Would you leave a gallon
of milk out on table for several hours, and
then go and drink from it? Probably not. So why does that happen with
blood results in a crime lab? So that’s something
that you wanna consider. Now, Candida, like I said, is everywhere, and so you wanna start investigating ways that that can actually
get into a blood sample, cause some contamination,
artificially elevate a blood sample, and increase
your blood alcohol content. You have to be very meticulous when you start to investigate
these types of issues. You have to look at a lab’s notes, you have to look at every
single thing that happened from beginning to end,
everything from the blood draw all the way to the storage of these vials, all the way to the
impoundment of evidence. You wanna look at exactly
what happened when they got to the lab, when they
pulled it out of the lab, when they began pipetting
everybody’s vials, and see what they actually
did with your blood sample. Because there are areas where there may be malfeasance or just negligence
on behalf of the crime lab that could drastically impact the result. We see this in many cases where there’s a major disconnect between people. So let’s say, for example, somebody was 100% sure that they only
had a beer, or two beers, and their blood result comes
back significantly higher, that’s called a disconnect. And so there’s a very big
disconnect between the number that was reported as a result of this test and what the person knows
for a fact happened. They were there, they only
had one beer, or two beers. And so there’s a very big disconnect, so that leads a defense attorney
to say, what happened here? Why is the number, why is
the differential so high between these two things? And one of the things
that we wanna look for, you wanna investigate when
you’re doing your interviews with a crime lab, with the
officer who drew the blood, or whoever the phlebotomist
was, or the venipuncturist was, you wanna take a look at exactly
what these procedures were, because there’s a number of different ways where you can introduce contamination, you can introduce yeast into what they are going to
claim is a closed system. So if you’ve been charged with DUI, this is just one of many, many,
many defenses that we use. Give us a call, let’s schedule
a free case evaluation so we can review your case, and begin putting together a
plan to help you move forward. Thanks for watching. (gentle music)

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