Articles, Blog

Honey Bee observations INSIDE the Hive. Laying Hatching Grooming condensation

August 24, 2019

so here we go we’re taking another look
inside this observation hive which is occupied by hygienic varroa resistant
bees and what you’re looking at here on this frame are eggs from the Queen and
we have a black background there and you notice that there’s eggs with no fluid
around them and then you’ll see that there are tiny worms which are the
larvae and they have fluid around them that is because the moment that those
eggs hatch a nurse bee will get right in there and fill that basin with royal
jelly and the amount of royal jelly that we’re seeing here shows us that this
hive is just doing extremely well they’re very healthy if you see that you
have larvae in the bottom of those cells and a very sparse amount of royal jelly
around them being your hive is probably not doing so well now what we’re showing
is often as early morning comes along the interior of your hive will have some
condensation in it a lot of people think that the entire interior space of the
hive is regulated by the colony and they dehydrate they heat it they cool it but
that’s not the case as you see here we have the population of the bees a little
higher up and you’ll see there’s a definite line where that condensation
follows this condensation is held down and below the brood frame and it’s
insulated by the bees so it’s really a cluster op and of course concentrate
their efforts on heating and protecting brood frame over everything else but
they certainly do not thermo regulate the entire interior of the hive
now what we’re looking at here is a pollen forager and this bee has brought
in little pouches of pollen on its hind legs and doing the waggle dance to
explain to the others exactly where it got the pollen and I want you to notice
something else about these bees when they bring in pollen you’ll never see
multicolored pollen packs on the bees hind legs and that is because they go
after a single pollen source during their foraging efforts other bees may
come in with different colored pollen but it is never mixed and they will put
it directly into pollen storage now what we’re looking at it are cells where the
pollen has been dropped off by the field Bee directly and these are pollen workers
inside the colony that do not go into the fields and what they’re doing is
they’re mixing that with some nectar and they’re sealing up these pollen stores
and it will actually ferment and if you sometimes open up your pollen frames and
you’re looking at it and it smells funny that’s because there is yeast and it is
fermenting and it does put off a scent in fact I’ve found that the bees
really go after consuming pollen it is about 48 hours old or they’ll take the
brand-new stuff as well in some cases they’ll just take old pollen seal it off
and not use them at all and you’ll see that out in the edges pollen of course
is the number one protein for the entire colony and it is used to raise brood so if you don’t raise honeybees and you
want to do something to support them provide pollen sources in your garden in
other areas now here we have the Queen she’s roaming around and she’s
inspecting cells and she is dead center here and she’s about to deposit an egg
here in this cell that she’s looking over now we have this discussion all the
time that Queens lay 1700 to 2000 eggs per day but I’d like to share that that’s
actually limited by the number of cells that are even available for her to lay
in in fact if she’s over productive the
bees will come along right behind her and consume the eggs that she deposits
if they feel they have enough or they’re running out of space if they run out of
space you can count on your colony swarming out soon but the Queen will lay
her body weight in eggs each and every day and that’s what’s going on here
she’s gonna find another cell and there she goes she’s gonna deposit another egg
and of course the eggs take about three days to hatch and then they are larval
while their eggs they don’t get fed as soon as they hatch the nurse bees will
get right in there and put some royal jelly now again we’re looking at the
hygienic aspect of these bees and there’s part of the observation hive
here where the field bees come in and they seem to pause it’s almost like a
car wash and they’re waiting for the hygienic groomers to show up as this
one is doing and they work over the field bees from head to toe they clean
underneath their wings they groom their abdomens their thorax and they even as
this one’s about to do get a little taste of the nectar that they’ve
gathered while they were out so it’s a very interesting behavior and also why
we’ve been unable to find any varroa in this colony we don’t treat for varroa if
we can’t find them so it’s very interesting hygienic varroa resistant
bees demonstrate this grooming behavior and they also will clean cells and
they’ll even remove a bee that’s developing in its pupa stage larva stage
capped and they’ll tear open the cap and remove the bee itself before it hatches
if they think something’s wrong now we’re just looking at a brood area
and these bees are ventilating it and they’re keeping the air moving over the
surface of the brood and you’ll notice that you can see the abdomen some of the
workers that are deep inside there which are continuing to feed that are royal
jelly to those developing larvae now what you’re seeing a little left of
center there is a drone that’s hatching out drones do not hatch themselves the
workers do it if you’ve ever seen a worker hatch she hatches herself out and
cleans her cell moves on and goes right into cleaning duties this drone as it
hatches out is just poking everyone for food there’s another one to the left of
it that is completely out as well and watch it a minute here and you’ll see he
pokes with his tongue the nurse bees and he’s demanding food all the drone does
is sit around consuming resources in the hive and wait for a Virgin Queen to mate
with now you may think that that sounds interesting but actually this time of
year we’re in November these drones have already been pulled out of the hive and
they have been ejected into the environment to die the workers do not
put up with drones through winter and they don’t want to feed them resources
that cannot be replenished so here’s an overview of the actual observation hive
again just a portion of it looking at the outside frames of an eight frame
observation hive and I hope you got something out of watching this video and I
appreciate it give it a thumbs up and subscribe if you’d like to see more like
this thank you


  • Reply Darcksage November 21, 2017 at 5:09 am

    I love these videos, so much interesting stuff.

  • Reply SquirrelsForAll November 21, 2017 at 5:29 am

    Absolutely wonderful, thank you for creating and posting. I've noticed more condensation within our hives and I was worried. This put my mind at ease. Thank you!!

  • Reply A. Goldsby November 21, 2017 at 5:53 am

    I have looked at single pollen packets off bees baskets under a microscope and seen a mix in grains.

  • Reply Blue Neptune November 21, 2017 at 6:02 am

    Very cool -super clean hive,must be a cold flight for those workers.

  • Reply missy sparkles November 21, 2017 at 6:30 am

    wow very exciting no snow at the moment ?

  • Reply Alter Egos November 21, 2017 at 6:32 am

    Another great installment! One question I had for you is, what causes the difference in the color of honey? My thoughts are that it’s the type of feeding and frequency done versus non-fed hives with sugar water and supplements. My opinion is that people who feed more sugar water would tend to have lighter color honey? What would your opinion be? Thanks for the great post I really enjoy your work.

  • Reply Shaun Barker November 21, 2017 at 6:37 am

    Great info and an educational video

  • Reply TimsInGeorgia November 21, 2017 at 8:13 am

    Thank you, I am fast becoming a bee enthusiasts.

  • Reply 58Kym November 21, 2017 at 10:23 am

    I can’t help feeling sorry for the drones….born to die young.

  • Reply maybelilly1 November 21, 2017 at 10:29 am

    thanks very interesting keep up the great videos

  • Reply Daniel Weston November 21, 2017 at 2:40 pm

    Great view! I have reduced the amount of condensation on the glass of my observation hive by covering it with insulation panel when I am not "watching" in the winter.. (mainly so I can see better )

  • Reply Trixiegirl88 November 21, 2017 at 4:15 pm

    Absolutely fascinating. I wouldn't get a single thing done if I had access to an observation hive!

  • Reply TheLittleAzn November 21, 2017 at 5:00 pm

    So fancinating to watch!
    Thank you

  • Reply Phyre Acid November 21, 2017 at 5:05 pm

    What is royal jelly made out of?

  • Reply donstor1 November 21, 2017 at 8:35 pm

    Very nice Fred. I love watching the bees going about their duties in and about the hive. Thank you.

  • Reply Master Beekeeper 30 years November 21, 2017 at 9:05 pm

    Excellent Excellent, did I mention Excellent! Always great Mr Dunn you truly are peerless! I know that I will always learn something when I watch your videos! COOL!!

  • Reply Dave Maloney November 22, 2017 at 12:06 pm

    I shared this video with my bee club members in mid-MD. It contains excellent shots of common, but seldom seen bee activity. I also did not know that drones do not chew themselves out of their cells when emerging – the need the workers to do that for them! BTW, I am looking for a weather station. In an earlier video you made mention of one that you used. What is the model of the one you use? I would like to check it out.

  • Reply Hawkdriver 01 November 22, 2017 at 5:37 pm

    Excellent video, thanks! I have one Hive I placed in my Greenhouse for the winter as an experiment. Pull up a chair and get lost for hours watching them!

  • Reply T4C_Redneck November 23, 2017 at 7:16 am

    Fred; Love your videos, best on YouTube. Please explain; I thought royal jelly was fed only to larvae for the production of queens, the workers fed with another product usually called "bee bread"

  • Reply sunrisesail59 November 23, 2017 at 4:25 pm

    Another outstanding piece of work, Fred.

  • Reply Theresa Fall November 25, 2017 at 8:05 pm

    Very curious about introducing a hygienic queen into an already established hive (minus the queen). Can a queen manage to produce enough hygienic workers in a season, from this established hive, or would the keeper need to treat for mites before introduction into a non-hygienic hive. Really interested in trying to establish a hygienic apiary, but not sure how to go about it, given I have a couple of healthy hive that are not-mite resistant.

  • Reply أحيرام أبيود November 26, 2017 at 9:42 am

    Great video.
    The more I watch the more I respect these creatures, and of course this craft.

  • Reply Adam Estalane November 29, 2017 at 9:33 am

    I really love your voice.

  • Reply Lisa Vanvalkenburgh December 5, 2017 at 5:36 am

    Yes, I love the observation hive!

  • Reply Colton Catalli December 22, 2017 at 1:25 am

    Why are you saying the larva will get fed royal jelly? I thought only the queen ate that

  • Reply SMILIES69US January 13, 2018 at 12:00 am

    Eve Frederic, I was wondering if your still happy with your beeweaver queens. I have been searching for a source for hygienic queens and ran across your video. I read the caption where you bought your queens from beeweaver bees. My main question is, have you had varroa problems at all with the queens you got from them? Thanks for the great video's.

  • Reply Chris Ruck January 13, 2018 at 5:45 pm

    very interesting! I want to start a hive, and I'm researching this!

  • Reply Xio Xtevarivs January 21, 2018 at 11:25 am

    Dear Sir, could you please see my queen bee here:

    I wonder what is she doing out of the hive? Thank you in advance.

  • Reply God February 3, 2018 at 6:08 pm

    Would you recommend me a good book on the daily life of bees? I am a first year bee keeper and have lots of how to books. But want a book about the life of bees.

  • Reply taj singh February 7, 2018 at 9:01 am

    thank you so much for sharing this amazing vid..thumbs way up!!

  • Reply Danushka Yuohan February 25, 2018 at 5:37 am

    I learned stuff thx

  • Reply Bring me Peter pan March 4, 2018 at 6:28 pm

    Dude this video is awesome! So interesting, I never realized how complex bees and bee colonies can be!

  • Reply Charles Deens March 5, 2018 at 6:24 pm

    These videos are absolutely fantastic. Beautifully filmed, and so very informative. Thanks for these videos.

  • Reply Geovanny Figueroa March 22, 2018 at 11:43 am

    Hi i watch your videos and mt son he wants to start having honey bees and i would like to get a nuc can you sale me one of does hygienic one's?

  • Reply jolly fresh March 24, 2018 at 10:52 am

    how do i get a queen bee and worker bees

  • Reply jolly fresh March 24, 2018 at 10:53 am

    what are teh regulations in tasmnaia

  • Reply OLÈXICA March 25, 2018 at 9:16 pm

    This is amazing, you're really good at telling these stories! Keep up!

  • Reply Chief Via March 31, 2018 at 11:22 am

    Frederick, may the creator of the universe pour out blessings upon you for making this knowledge available!!!!! Rarely is this old man impressed and thrilled, but this did.

  • Reply ollah April 21, 2018 at 9:49 pm

    wow soooo fascinating !

  • Reply Pyro19903 April 30, 2018 at 1:15 pm

    Do u have to open the observation box at all ?

  • Reply cherie plante May 13, 2018 at 6:34 pm

    Hi Fred, great video! I just saw another video about artificial insemination of a queen. I cant' help myself, how does one get the required material from a drone, why would someone think all that machinery is needed to inseminate a queen and isn't it better to do let nature take it's normal course especially if there are so many drones to be had?

  • Reply Arie Gonzo May 19, 2018 at 1:34 am

    Fred this video was awesome!!!!

  • Reply Eslam Nabil May 29, 2018 at 4:27 pm

    suphan allah

  • Reply Peggy Mitchell May 29, 2018 at 10:11 pm

    Fascinating. I love bees. I am teaching my grandson to appreciate and respect bees as well. Bees are important.

  • Reply Louise Epona Pell June 18, 2018 at 5:18 pm

    So beautiful to see the honeybees up close and learn about their magical and wise behaviours, thank you x

  • Reply Ryan Rinehart June 29, 2018 at 12:53 am

    excuse me, worker bee larvae get worker jelly, that's used to make worker bees

  • Reply Tim Webster July 6, 2018 at 8:05 pm

    could someone help me with advice on how to safely move a bees nest without killing it

  • Reply Eryn Faith July 12, 2018 at 8:29 pm

    I've been looking to see if you have more videos from this hive… did they get though the winter ok?

  • Reply Ben Steele August 1, 2018 at 9:39 pm

    I thought the queen was the only bee to get royal jelly.

  • Reply Ben Steele August 1, 2018 at 11:31 pm

    And thanks for the awesome video.

  • Reply JK FRT August 4, 2018 at 12:16 am

    Very interesting, nice pictures! Thank you!

  • Reply Bâbãÿ_ Uni August 31, 2018 at 12:43 am

    I saw maggots….. but great! Video

  • Reply Ken Dunn September 16, 2018 at 11:55 pm

    A remarkable insight into a honey bee colony. Thank you for making it available.

  • Reply David Lisle September 21, 2018 at 1:50 am

    Have you considers with your next observation hive, using the Plexiglas with pre-drawn comb so that you might be able to observe the inside of the combs as they develop?

  • Reply AliLou Creations September 28, 2018 at 11:50 pm

    ?I’m just absolutely fascinated ??? how clever are they ❤️❤️❤️

  • Reply Gracie November 1, 2018 at 11:44 pm

    Absolutely amazing video!! You did an excellent job making this video and the commentary was great. I learned so much. Thank you brother!!??

  • Reply RAHUL chauhan November 13, 2018 at 1:26 pm

    so beautifull

  • Reply Jecheondaesong Sun November 24, 2018 at 8:11 pm

    Let me refix your facts. Well the royal jelly only goes to female borns while they are larva. Other workers or regular bees just have a regular diet bec of them not laying eggs or not females. The females consume the royal jelly because its for the new queen. If the current queen is alive it'll kill the ones in process or if they leave hive other queens need to be brought to stable the hive. If multiple queens is born at once or is alive they have a fight to the death or if the bees don't agree with the queen they'll kill the queen or make it leave. Your facts was wrong about that and I'm coming a way to fix that.

  • Reply Aussie Valiant November 26, 2018 at 1:17 am

    Watched, fascinated, subscribed. I would love to get a hive. There's a guy where I live who wants to place hives in every postcode in our state, particularly the urban area. He sets up and maintains things, and you get 10% of the honey. A pretty good deal I think. And the bees proliferate!

  • Reply A Ha December 4, 2018 at 7:19 pm

    Fact: royal jelly is exclusively for queen rearing the run of the mill worker bees gets food but it is very different than "royal Jelly" Great job nice video.

  • Reply eric sanchez December 17, 2018 at 2:02 am

    Great video

  • Reply Julia Smith January 3, 2019 at 9:52 pm

    I liked this. <3

  • Reply BWM March 4, 2019 at 1:55 am

    Excellent work Sir. Aside from on the job training, I feel you're catching me up on very valuable information. I will be beginning this craft soon, and the basic principles are coming into focus rather quickly, via the information you've provided. I'm sure as I progress deeper into beekeeping, I will benefit in even more detail through the knowledge you're sharing. Thank you kindly

  • Reply Baddest Bees March 5, 2019 at 9:58 pm

    Very cool

  • Reply Electric Engineer March 19, 2019 at 1:58 pm

    Very interesting and amazing observation hive good job we learn every day something thanks again

  • Reply Gojirella May 13, 2019 at 6:54 pm

    This was so neat! Thanks!

  • Reply Electric Engineer June 8, 2019 at 6:13 pm

    Absolutely amazing creature, praise the Lord the Most Gracious Most Merciful Amen

  • Reply Ron Adelman June 12, 2019 at 6:40 pm

    Just opened one of my hives and noticed no brood….:( So ordered a new Weaver Queen….Thank you again Fred…Ron Adelman

  • Reply Caged Creature July 7, 2019 at 10:09 am

    Male bees are so embarrassing

  • Reply Nom De Plume July 11, 2019 at 1:16 am

    Hmm i thought only potential queen larva got royal jelly… now i gotta find out if ive been wrong this entire time haha i love bees. Her little figure 8 dance must mean pollen is over 100 meters away.

    Oh and i dont think they "thinks somethings wrong" imo they know somethings wrong.

  • Reply Nom De Plume July 11, 2019 at 1:21 am

    Oh my jeepers 4:48 gave me a damn heart attack ?? my 6 yrold daughter is outback swimming with my husband and i heard that rooster in my headphones and thought it was her screaming lol scared me to death.

  • Reply Robin Hoskins July 22, 2019 at 12:58 pm

    What breed are these bees?

  • Reply Michael Downey August 7, 2019 at 12:16 am

    Where can you find this hygienic strain of bees? I have 3 colonies currently. Two Carniolan and one an Italian hybrid. Been fighting mites this summer in 2019.

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