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Free English Lesson – Coronavirus Vocabulary: Endemic; Epidemic; Pandemic

March 6, 2020

Hello, everyone. My name is Chris and this
is a short, free English lesson on the YouTube channel Learn British English
Free. The theme is the coronavirus or Covid-19 – the bad disease which is
spreading around the world and it is about vocabulary. Three terms related to
such diseases – please look in the description below the video on YouTube
to read about these words. The first one is endemic. Endemic is an adjective to
describe a disease which is permanent in a certain area. For example: malaria is
endemic in parts of Africa. Endemic is one word but it does not apply to Covid-19 as that is new. The two words I was really interested in are epidemic and
pandemic. Both words can be adjectives and nouns – an epidemic refers to a
disease which spreads throughout a region, so we could say that
Covid-19 is an epidemic disease that started in parts of Asia – or we could say
that Covid-19 was first recognised as an epidemic in parts of Asia. The second
time, it’s a noun. Recognized as an epidemic. Pandemic, then,
is bigger than an epidemic when it goes global.
This is the really, really bad one and we are approaching this stage now with
Covid-19. We could say Covid-19 is soon to be acknowledged as a pandemic disease
or Covid-19 is soon to be recognised as a pandemic. The first time it was as an
adjective before “disease”; the second time as a noun
on its own. Endemic, epidemic and pandemic – this lesson
explored the differences between these three words relating especially to the
Coronavirus or Covid-19. My name is Chris; this is a short lesson for Learn
British English Free on YouTube. Please subscribe for more free English lessons
coming soon. See you then.


  • Reply Julia Shchegolkova March 5, 2020 at 9:41 am

    Thank you Chris! It was really useful. I like your lessons much

  • Reply Seraph Kwok March 5, 2020 at 10:16 am

    The explanations were very clear and pithy. I used to have doubts about the use of 'endemic' and 'pandemic', but now I know it better with the examples you gave us. Thanks Chris. ๐Ÿ™‚

  • Reply Ronen R March 5, 2020 at 10:27 am

    Think you, Bro!

  • Reply Brigitte saint-pรฉ March 5, 2020 at 11:40 am

    Hello Chris
    Thanks for letting us know this distingo.
    Could I use the adjective endemic for talking about something other than viruses ? For example, to talk about trees that only grow in one part of the world?
    I am deadly bored by this coronavirus. In France, it killed only four people aged between 80 and 90 whereas influenzia killed 7,200 people from October 2018 to March 2019. Even though there is a pandemic right now, I notice that this virus is less lethal. I guess governments are going to use it to announce a financial catastrophe in a few months that predated this virus. Too much information for nothing seem really weird to me. Influenzia killed 60,000 people last year in Europe and 250, 000 all over the world. I have not seen as much information and fear as I have today

  • Reply Josephine Milo March 5, 2020 at 2:05 pm

    Thank you on lessen! I think you mustash are really cute. Cheers!

  • Reply T. Chen March 6, 2020 at 1:59 am

    Great lesson Sir Chris ๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ‘๐Ÿ‘

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