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Early Sign of Tonsillitis: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

September 28, 2019


Hello… Welcome Back to HIV Pedia. Today our video about: Early Sign of Tonsillitis. Before we begin. If this is the first time you visit to our
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us. Tonsillitis is inflammation of the tonsils,
two oval-shaped pads of tissue at the back of the throat — one tonsil on each side. Signs and symptoms of tonsillitis include
swollen tonsils, sore throat, difficulty swallowing and tender lymph nodes on the sides of the
neck. Most cases of tonsillitis are caused by infection
with a common virus, but bacterial infections also may cause tonsillitis. Because appropriate treatment for tonsillitis
depends on the cause, it’s important to get a prompt and accurate diagnosis. Surgery to remove tonsils, once a common procedure
to treat tonsillitis, is usually performed only when bacterial tonsillitis occurs frequently,
doesn’t respond to other treatments or causes serious complications. Tonsillitis most commonly affects children
between preschool ages and the mid-teenage years. Common signs and symptoms of tonsillitis include: #1. Red, swollen tonsils
#2. White or yellow coating or patches on the
tonsils #3. Sore throat
#4. Difficult or painful swallowing
#5. Fever
#6. Enlarged, tender glands (lymph nodes) in the
neck #7. A scratchy, muffled or throaty voice
#8. Bad breath
#10. Stomachache, particularly in younger children
#11. Stiff neck
#12. Headache
In young children who are unable to describe how they feel, signs of tonsillitis may include: Drooling due to difficult or painful swallowing
#1. Refusal to eat
#2. Unusual fussiness Causes of Tonsillitis Tonsillitis is most often caused by common
viruses, but bacterial infections can also be the cause. The most common bacterium causing tonsillitis
is Streptococcus pyogenes (group A streptococcus), the bacterium that causes strep throat. Other strains of strep and other bacteria
also may cause tonsillitis. Why do tonsils get infected? The tonsils are the immune system’s first
line of defense against bacteria and viruses that enter your mouth. This function may make the tonsils particularly
vulnerable to infection and inflammation. However, the tonsil’s immune system function
declines after puberty — a factor that may account for the rare cases of tonsillitis
in adults. Treatments for Tonsillitis Treatment for tonsillitis will depend in part
on the cause. To determine the cause, your doctor may perform
a rapid strep test or throat swab culture. Both tests involve gently swabbing the back
of the throat close to the tonsils with a cotton swab. A lab test can detect a bacterial infection. A viral infection will not show on the test,
but may be assumed if the test for bacteria is negative. In some cases, the physical findings are convincing
enough to diagnose a probable bacterial infection. In these cases, antibiotics may be prescribed
without performing a rapid strep test If tests reveal bacteria, treatment will consist
of antibiotics to cure the infection. Antibiotics may be given as a single shot
or taken 10 days by mouth. Although symptoms will likely improve within
two or three days after starting the antibiotic, it’s important to take all of the medication
your doctor prescribes to make sure the bacteria are gone. Some people need to take a second course of
antibiotics to cure the infection.

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