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Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) and Treatments, animation.

August 16, 2019


The prostate is a walnut-size exocrine gland
of the male reproductive system. It is located just below the urinary bladder where it wraps
around the first part of the male urethra. Prostate gland produces a milky fluid that
is expelled into the urethra to mix with spermatozoa during ejaculation. The fluid serves as a
lubricant and nutrition for the sperms. Benign prostatic hyperplasia, or BPH, also
called benign prostatic hypertrophy or enlarged prostate, is a condition in which the size
of the prostate gland is increased. It is considered “benign” because it’s not a cancer,
and it does not increase the risk of cancer. However, when it becomes sufficiently large,
the prostate tissue may compress the urethra and block the urine flow causing a number
of urination problems and urinary tract infection. BPH is very common in aging men: about 50%
of men have some degree of BPH by the age of 60, with half of them demonstrating clinically
significant symptoms. BPH is a result of hormonal changes and is considered a normal part of
male aging. In aging prostate tissue, the rate of cell proliferation induced by male
hormones somehow exceeds the rate of programmed cell death or apoptosis. This results in increased
number of cells and enlargement of the prostate. There are two main classes of medication for
BPH treatment: – alpha-blockers: these drugs relax smooth
muscle in the prostate and the bladder neck, thus relieving the blockage of urine flow.
– 5-alpha reductase inhibitors: these inhibit local production of Dihydrotestosterone or
DHT- the hormone that is responsible for prostate enlargement.
For those who do not respond to medication, minimally invasive treatments are available.
These non-surgical therapies use heat to cause cell death or necrosis in prostate tissue.
The heat is delivered in small amount and to a specific location to minimize unwanted
damage. Different procedures differ mainly in the type of energy used. Transurethral resection of the prostate is a surgical procedure for removal of prostate
tissue through the urethra. This procedure has been around for a long time and is still
considered gold standard for treatment of severe BPH. Nowadays, it is usually performed
when medications and less invasive methods fail.

23 Comments

  • Reply tony l May 19, 2015 at 12:15 am

    They are now treating this by treating periodontal disease.

  • Reply Sami Al-Qarni March 29, 2016 at 6:38 pm

    cool thanks

  • Reply Manish Raftar September 17, 2016 at 4:10 pm

    if you While Struggle with Prostatic Hyperplasia And Neither get heal pls Choose Bee Pollen Product After Consulted Your doctor or Help adviser

  • Reply Mario Fromadistance September 30, 2016 at 2:14 am

    Excellent video. One of the best I've seen! Thank you!

  • Reply surinder sood November 3, 2016 at 8:11 pm

    excellent videos for health care

  • Reply Muhammad Naveed January 18, 2017 at 9:34 am

    can i use alpha blocker medicines if i have the the problem of semen leaquage?
    (is the problem of semen leaquage is due to the prostate enlargement?)

  • Reply karim khan February 5, 2017 at 4:22 am

    i m at the age of 30 .i found that i don't have a good control of my urination .flow amount of urination is so small but i can not hold it .please help me with your kind solution.

  • Reply Alila Medical Media April 25, 2017 at 12:51 am

    Thank you for watching! Follow us on Twitter https://twitter.com/AlilaMedical for instant notification of our new videos!

  • Reply Tushar Kale May 9, 2017 at 5:23 am

    I am age 16, I am having problem while starting urine I press my pc muscles invoultarly first before staring urine letting little urine out and pressing in between the flow and then start urination then there is good flow no stop and at last there is some amount of urine stuck in my urethra which dont come out and pains if coughed, laughed over it and goes in with pain (mild). ohaky so my doc gave me alpha blockers (he is an local doc.) for 45days. told me to take it at night while sleeping and am getting detour every mornig after taking this. am just 16 years old boy. my ultrasound reports are normal shows normal prostate size. all it says is cystitis and uretresis (uretra infection) tell me should I stop the meds . will it cause me an problem further am just 16 years old guy

  • Reply Dr hamdaan khan June 4, 2017 at 11:53 am

    nice presntation!!

  • Reply Widowmack August 21, 2017 at 10:37 pm

    i have prostate swelling i got better with some pills but im still getting treatment with my docor not jk he fingeers me to touch m prostate i hate this condition i have to pee all the time is hard to sleep

  • Reply MIchael Harrington December 29, 2017 at 1:41 pm

    If you are having skin issues down there and you are certain they are not a result of an STD…. use a creme called Man1 Man Oil. It treats and prevents chafing, soreness, dryness, discoloration and much more. Every guy should have a bottle of this in his apt.. real good stuff.

  • Reply TheArchDemon January 2, 2018 at 10:32 pm

    How does this happen

  • Reply Caramel On Marshmallows Music January 15, 2018 at 1:51 pm

    lovely

  • Reply Peter Hutchinson February 14, 2018 at 12:34 am

    that long thing goes into the end of your pee pee OMG

  • Reply هيـآم البادي March 14, 2018 at 7:46 pm

    this was very helpful, thanx a lot

  • Reply Abraham Reyna March 21, 2018 at 7:32 am

    What helped me the most was taking rapaflo, and corn silk tea. I was also taking a spoon of molasses in a hot cup of water and i was peeing like a firemans hose. I was good for about 7 or 8 years then i became allergic to all kinds of stuff and i was on allergy pills for almost a year and the prostate issues came back. Now im trying to get better again and im barely going back to my urologist to hopefully get some more rapaflo.

  • Reply Alila Medical Media May 29, 2018 at 11:31 pm

    Help us make more videos like this! Support us on Patreon and get FREE downloads and other great rewards: patreon.com/AlilaMedicalMedia

    Thank you so much!

  • Reply Bryce Ring August 24, 2018 at 11:51 am

    3:01
    The look on your face when the doctor tells you what needs to be done and how.

  • Reply Babu jhojja Rajupur January 13, 2019 at 10:57 am

    Good

  • Reply Prashant Pal June 5, 2019 at 2:16 pm

    How does finasteride blocks 5 alpha reductase ?
    Does it kills 5 alpha or just get into its way of binding of 5 alpha ?
    Please elaborate

  • Reply Alter Kater June 18, 2019 at 4:31 am

    Alpha blockers can (and will) cause skin irritations, like red spots, and itching areas. Do not overdo.

  • Reply Disappointed Man July 2, 2019 at 5:34 am

    BPH in man 60 yrs an older. But Doctors rely on PSA which is not accurate thus conduct unnecessary biopsies and prostatectomies and ruin men's lives

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