Articles, Blog

All About Health – Preventing Pneumonia (大愛醫生館 – 打疫苗防肺炎)

October 14, 2019


Why is it that elderly people account for a higher proportion of getting pneumonia? Why should the elderly be vaccinated against streptococcus pneumoniae? streptococcus pneumoniae? Sometimes, when we swallow saliva, it goes to the lungs by accident. it goes to the lungs by accident. This does happen sometimes because these two pathways are neighbors, because these two pathways are neighbors, sometimes the saliva we swallow sometimes the saliva we swallow goes down the trachea by accident, goes down the trachea by accident, and we slightly choke on it. But when we’re still young, when something goes into our trachea, we have the ability to cough it up. we have the ability to cough it up. If there’s only just a little, If there’s only just a little, even if it does go down the wrong pipe, even if it does go down the wrong pipe, it won’t cause us too much trouble. But as we get older, we tend to have more saliva. When we’re old in age and have many things to think about, have many things to think about, in addition to our excessive saliva, we’ll have a higher chance we’ll have a higher chance of choking on our saliva of choking on our saliva when we swallow things. when we swallow things. In addition to that, when we’re old in age, In addition to that, when we’re old in age, our reflexes will also become slower. our reflexes will also become slower. When we swallow food, When we swallow food, our epiglottis must cover our trachea completely. must cover our trachea completely. Otherwise, our saliva will enter the trachea. our saliva will enter the trachea. Especially in the evening when the saliva enters the trachea, we can’t cough it out because our reflexes are not as good at night. because our reflexes are not as good at night. So, we might swallow it down. And because our immune system And because our immune system And because our immune system weakens when we’re older, weakens when we’re older, it may lead to pneumonia. We see here that the alveoli is filled with bacteria and is at risk of being infected. and is at risk of being infected. That’s why we’re likely to have pneumonia. That’s why we’re likely to have pneumonia. That’s why we’re likely to have pneumonia. One bacteria commonly found One bacteria commonly found is streptococcus pneumonia. A quarter to one third of pneumonia A quarter to one third of pneumonia is caused by streptococcus pneumoniae. is caused by streptococcus pneumoniae. If the elderly can be immunized against If the elderly can be immunized against streptococcus pneumoniae, the vaccine can protect them. The elderly may still choke, The elderly may still choke, but the vaccine can improve their immune system. but the vaccine can improve their immune system. but the vaccine can improve their immune system. That way, the bacteria won’t cause serious pneumonia. won’t cause serious pneumonia. The elderly people should be aware of the importance of taking these precautionary measures. taking these precautionary measures.

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