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AIDS Symptoms, Causes & Treatments

August 20, 2019

Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS
is a chronic potentially life-threatening condition caused by the
human immunodeficiency virus HIV by damaging your immune system HIV
interferes with your body’s ability to fight the organisms that cause disease
HIV is a sexually transmitted infection STI it can also be spread by contact
with infected blood or from mother to child during pregnancy childbirth or
breastfeeding without medication it may take years before HIV weakens your
immune system to the point that you have AIDS there’s no cure for hiv/aids but
there are medications that can dramatically slow the progression of the
disease these drugs have reduced States deaths in many developed nations
symptoms the symptoms of HIV and AIDS vary depending on the phase of infection
primary infection acute HIV most people infected by HIV develop a flu-like
illness within a month or two after the virus enters the body this illness known
as primary or acute HIV infection may last for a few weeks
possible signs and symptoms include fever headache muscle aches and joint
pain rash sore throat painful mouth sores swollen lymph glands
mainly on the neck these symptoms can be so mild that you might not even notice
them however the amount of virus in your bloodstream viral load is quite high at
this time as a result the infection spreads more easily during primary
infection on during the next stage clinical latent infection chronic HIV in
some people persistent swelling of lymph nodes occurs during this stage otherwise
there are no specific signs and symptoms HIV remains in the body and in infected
white blood cells this stage of HIV infection generally lasts around 10
years if you’re not receiving antiretroviral therapy but sometimes
even with this treatment it lasts for decades some people develop more severe
disease much sooner symptomatic HIV infection as the virus continues to
multiply and destroy your immune cells the cells in your body that help fight
off germs you may develop mild infections or chronic signs and symptoms
such as fever fatigue swollen lymph nodes often one of the first signs of
HIV infection diarrhea weight loss or all yeast in
affection thrush shingles herpes zoster progression to AIDS thanks to better
antiviral treatments most people with HIV in the u.s. today don’t develop AIDS
untreated HIV typically turns into AIDS in about ten years when AIDS occurs your
immune system has been severely damaged you’ll be more likely to develop
opportunistic infections or opportunistic cancers diseases that
wouldn’t usually trouble a person with a healthy immune system the signs and
symptoms of some of these infections may include soaking night sweats recurring
fever chronic diarrhea persistent white spots or unusual lesions on your tongue
or in your mouth persistent unexplained fatigue weight
loss skin rashes or bumps causes HIV is caused by a virus it can spread through
sexual contact or blood or from mother to child during pregnancy childbirth or
breastfeeding how does HIV become AIDS HIV destroys cd4 t-cells white blood
cells that play a large role in helping your body fight disease
the fewer cd4 t-cells you have the weaker your immune system becomes you
can have an HIV infection for years before it turns into its AIDS is
diagnosed when the cd4 t-cell count falls below 200 or you have an
aids-defining complication treatments there’s no cure for HIV / aids but many
different drugs are available to control the virus such treatment is called
antiretroviral therapy or AR T each class of drug blocks the virus in
different ways AR T is now recommended for everyone
regardless of cd4 t-cell counts it’s recommended to combine three drugs from
two classes to avoid creating drug-resistant strains of HIV every
individual needs unique treatment and care we encourage people with acquired
immunodeficiency syndrome AIDS and their families to learn as much as possible
about the latest medical treatment and approaches as well as healthy lifestyle
choices stay strong live long thank you

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