Articles, Blog

10 Fantastic Fungi Superpowers

August 13, 2019


My friend the toadstool, he just left the
party, ‘cause there wasn’t mushroom! And it’s too bad, ‘cause he was a real
fun-guy. Ok…ahh… in addition to being fun guys, fungi
are incredible organisms. They make up their own kingdom in the eukaryotic
domain of the tree of life, separate from animals and plants. This kingdom includes everything from microscopic
organisms like yeast and mold, to those familiar dome-shaped mushrooms you can find at the
grocery store… or in Super Mario. And since there are so many different kinds of
fungi, it’s no wonder that some of them have pretty crazy talents. [Music Playing] First, we have a classic fungus: the mushroom.
The magic mushroom, to be precise. These mushrooms contain the chemical compounds
psilocybin and psilocin In the human body, the psilocybin gets broken
down into psilocin, which is the active form of the hallucinogenic drug. The chemical structure of psilocin is similar
to the neurotransmitter serotonin, which normally sends signals between brain cells to regulate
things like mood, memory, and sleep. So, psilocin tricks the brain into activating
those serotonin receptors. And this can cause hallucinogenic effects,
like changing thought patterns and mood, visual distortions, and even a sense of euphoria. There’s some sketchy anthropological evidence
that magic mushrooms could have been used in religious ceremonies by different cultures, but those theories are controversial among historians. The mushrooms hit the U.S. cultural scene
in the 1950s, though, after a mycologist, a scientist who studies mushrooms, brought
the practice back after a trip to Mexico. By the 1970s, these mushrooms were illegal
in the US, after being widely used as a recreational drug. But they may be making a comeback for another
purpose: psychotherapy. With permission from the U.S. government,
certain researchers are carefully conducting studies to explore the benefits of small doses
of psilocybin to treat conditions like post-traumatic stress disorder and chronic depression. Some mind-altering fungi have more dangerous
side effects. In fact, one of the most famously horrifying
events in early American history may have a fungal infection to blame. Ergot fungi are members of the genus
Claviceps. And the most well-known variety is Claviceps
purpurea, which grows on rye and other grains. The fungus produces some toxic nitrogen-containing
compounds called alkaloids. In particular, it creates lysergic acid.
Which might sound familiar because it’s used to synthesize the psychedelic drug lysergic
acid diethylamide, better known as LSD. Lysergic acid alone can lead to mania and
psychosis, while other alkaloids in ergot fungus can cause seizures and spasms, headaches,
nausea, crawling skin, and vomiting. As it turns out, many of these fun symptoms are very similar to the effects of the so-called “bewitchment” recorded in the Salem Witch
Trials in 1692, where both women and men were accused of witchcraft, tried in court,
and even executed. At the time, rye was a staple in the diets
of Salem residents. And warm, humid weather the previous year
would have made a prime breeding ground for ergot fungus. Ergot poisoning probably can’t account for
all of the hysteria surrounding the witch trials, but it all could have started with
some fungus in their food. Pop culture is full of zombies, but it’s
a relief to know that the apocalypse is not upon us… yet. The same can not be said for camponotini
ants, who face a unique threat to their colonies: zombie ants! A particular type of fungus called Ophiocordyceps
unilateralis can take control of the ants it infects. The infected ants show extremely specific behavior, they travel down to a lower level in the forest where the air is just humid and cool
enough, and find a leaf on the north side of a plant about 25 centimeters above the
ground. Then, they clamp down onto the underside of
the leaf and die. After a few days in these ideal conditions,
thin stalks of fungus sprout from the ant’s head so that spores can be released, in the hope of infecting more ants and continuing the cycle. Scientists aren’t sure yet how this fungus
can so carefully control the ant’s behavior, but this isn’t the only parasite to have
evolved mind-controlling abilities. One of the great medical achievements of the 20th century was the discovery and isolation of the antibiotic penicillin. Without a reliable way to kill off the bacteria
causing an infection, something a simple as a scratch could turn out deadly. But, in the late 1920s, bacteriologist
Alexander Fleming, noticed that Penicillium notatum mold had contaminated one of his petri dishes and killed all of the bacteria it touched. That was because the Penicillium mold produced
a bacteria-killing chemical that Fleming eventually called penicillin. It attacks the enzymes that build the bacterial
cell walls, so the walls fall apart, and the bacterium dies. Researchers at Oxford University then worked
on mass-producing, purifying, and testing the antibiotic, which went on to save thousands
of soldiers from death by infection in World War II. Pretty incredible stuff for a bread mold! And, penicillium isn’t the only life-saving
fungus out there. Tolypocladium inflatum seems pretty boring at first glance. It lives in Norwegian soil and can infect
beetle larvae. But this fungus produces a compound called cyclosporin, which is really good at suppressing our immune systems. It sounds dangerous and bad when you put it that way, but cyclosporin is an important drug that keeps organ implants from being
rejected. Normally, the patient’s immune system would
see the implanted organ as an intruder and attack it using the body’s first line of
defense: the T-cells. But cyclosporin inhibits those cells, preventing
the attack, and protecting the new organ as the patient’s body adjusts. And continued low doses of this drug can keep
organ transplant recipients healthy for years. When you think fungi, you usually think…like, pretty small. Like, cute-little-mushrooms-in-the-forest small.
Or even microscopic-mold small. But it turns out that some fungi can get huge. In fact, the largest living organism on the
planet is a massive honey fungus, of the Armillaria solidipes variety. This honey fungus has genetically identical
cells that can communicate and coordinate with each other, which, by one biological
definition, makes it a single organism. It’s estimated to cover around 9.6 square
kilometers in Oregon, and may be thousands of years old. But it’s not obvious how big this thing is. Clumps of mushrooms will appear above the surface
of the soil to release spores, but most of the fungus exists underground. Root-like rhizomorphs search for new host
trees to infect, while a network of thin, tube-like filaments called mycelia absorb
nutrients from the soil to keep this fungus growing. Not many people notice Pilobolus
fungus, since it’s a couple centimeters tall and mostly grows on… manure. But this unglamorous fungus has a secret superpower. During its reproductive phase, it forms thin,
pale stalks, called sporangiophores, with bulbs at the end containing spores, called
the sporangium. Pressure builds in the bulb until it eventually
bursts, sending the spores shooting around two meters away into nearby grass, so cows can eat it and the circle of life can continue. Now, that might not sound very impressive,
but these spores are accelerated at around 20,000 g’s. To put it in perspective, the shot coming out of a shotgun probably maxed out at around 15,000 g’s. That is a lot of acceleration for a tiny fungus. Death Cap and Destroying Angel mushrooms are
easily mistaken for edible fungi. But, as you might’ve guessed from their
names, they contain some of the most deadly substances known to humans. Other dangerous fungi include the deadly webcap
and the fool’s webcap. Both webcaps are part of the Cortinarius
genus and look like common brown mushrooms that you can eat. But, they produce a toxin called orellanine, which can cause kidney failure, and sometimes death. Plus, it can take anywhere from two days to
three weeks for symptoms to show up, so poisoning can be really hard to diagnose. The Japanese fungus Podostroma cornu-damae has some particularly nasty effects as well. Eating this rare red fungus causes altered
perception, severe upset stomach, hair loss, peeling skin, and even shrinking of the cerebellum, the part of your brain responsible for movement and coordination. The fungus is so rare that not many cases
of poisoning have been reported, but most of the known cases have been fatal. So it’s probably not a great idea to go
around eating random wild mushrooms. To make cheese, milk has to be soured, causing the solids, or, the curds, to separate from the liquids, or, the whey. The curds are then mixed with some other stuff, before they’re processed into the final cheese product. In the case of some popular cheeses like Roquefort, a type of blue cheese, this includes deliberately contaminating the curds with
fungus! Penicillium roqueforti is another
bread mold, from the same Penicillium genus as the life-saving antibiotic. The mold produces enzymes that break down
proteins in the cheese curds, helping create a distinctive smooth texture and strong, tangy
taste. Legend has it that people would place loaves
of bread in the caves surrounding the Roquefort region of France, hence the name. The loaves would grow moldy and dry out, be
pulverized into a powder, and then added to the cheese, giving it that delightful blue
veiny appearance. Nowadays, Penicillium roqueforti can be purchased
in stores, so you can make your own fungus-filled blue cheese at home! Humans have been consuming alcoholic beverages
for at least 7,000 years. And it turns out making beer wouldn’t be
possible without the help of a fungal friend named yeast. Specifically, a yeast called Saccharomyces cerevisiae. See, in beer brewing, grains are cooked in
water to form a mash. And then, they’re boiled to break all the starches down into simpler
sugars, and flavoring agents like hops are added. Once this mixture cools down, the yeast is
added, and that’s when the magic happens: Yeast eat all those sugars in the mash to
give them energy to reproduce, in a chemical process called fermentation. And they also generate a lot of waste, in
this case, carbon dioxide and ethanol. The carbon dioxide is what gives the beer
its characteristic fizz, while the ethanol is what gives humans their characteristic buzz. Thank you for watching this episode of SciShow,
which was brought to you by our patrons on Patreon. If you want to help support this
show, you can go to patreon.com/scishow. There’s a bunch of cool stuff that you can get there. And don’t forget to go to youtube.com/scishow
and subscribe!

100 Comments

  • Reply noel hutchins July 23, 2018 at 11:54 pm

    Might I suggest: The Christmas Island Yellow Crazy Ant epidemic be solved; deploying Ophiocordycep Unilateralis inoculations throughout the archipellego.

  • Reply FunnyBunnie August 1, 2018 at 1:22 am

    He should have said the toadstool left the β€œclub”. Cuz like club fungi πŸ˜‰πŸ˜‰πŸ˜‰

  • Reply Brooke Orosz August 1, 2018 at 4:04 am

    If you want to talk about the superpowers of the Ergot fungus, you left out the best one.

    Sure, it produced LSD. But it also produced methergine, a drug with the power to speed up uterine contractions and stop obstetric bleeding. It has saved lives all over the world for almost 100 years and continues to do so today, especially in low-resource environments where IV drugs like Pitocin are not practical.

    Midwives knew for a long time that ergot could speed up delivery and slow bleeding. But it acted unreliably and could also produce scary hallucinations and dangerous circulatory problems. Chemical analysis of the multiple toxins produced by ergot in varying quantities solved the mystery and unlocked the power of ergot for good.

  • Reply Tirrell Dante August 7, 2018 at 7:25 pm

    The mushroom you showed with the name "death cap" is not a death cap, that's a milk cap. Death cap is part of the Amanita genus and looks completely different

  • Reply Lois Hawkey August 12, 2018 at 4:33 am

    holy guacamole on the ant and the fungi…..great show

  • Reply ThePoohat August 14, 2018 at 1:47 am

    this was poorly researched

  • Reply damo damian August 14, 2018 at 1:46 pm

    Psilocybin, claviceps, rhizopus nigricans and related fungus and mold will always have a warm welcome into my heart ❀️

  • Reply Stacy M August 18, 2018 at 11:38 pm

    Whoa. Thought t I had a generalised grasp on fungus from being in healthcare, but these examples/this info is mind blowing! Thanks for this and the virus infecting viruses vid!

  • Reply P0tat07 August 19, 2018 at 11:04 pm

    Muhnurr

  • Reply Joseph Orton August 21, 2018 at 1:34 am

    What is your accent? Sometimes your β€œR”s, β€œL”s and β€œC”s become guttural

  • Reply Joseph Orton August 21, 2018 at 1:35 am

    What is your accent? Sometimes your β€œR”s, β€œL”s and β€œC”s become guttural

  • Reply jatinkg1 August 23, 2018 at 2:33 pm

    Any views on Lion's Mane?

  • Reply Fred Rolland August 27, 2018 at 4:53 am

    #firehankgreene

  • Reply roberto armstrong August 28, 2018 at 8:09 pm

    Magic Mushrooms have also been known to rid people of chronic cluster headaches!

  • Reply Wesley223332 September 3, 2018 at 1:28 am

    There are mushrooms that grow in forests called puffball mushrooms, one of these mushrooms is about the size of a basketball or slightly larger, it is edible and should only be eaten when soft, with no yellowing, and when not brown, the only look alike has a brown mushroom shape in the center, the texture is like styro-foam or marshmallows and it tastes great I found 5 of them today and they are about 8.50 a lb, they are not sold in stores but are not able to be grown for reasons unknown to me.

  • Reply SmokeAndClickCircles September 8, 2018 at 11:10 am

    Man I need to do some shrooms again. Changed how I look at life for the better. Even the bad trips are helpful. Each one reveals something about you or the world that you would never discover other wise, which scares some people, but fascinates me immensely.

  • Reply Karsten T September 8, 2018 at 8:08 pm

    8:56 Boiling stops the starch conversion to sugar. The starch is converted to sugar in the mashing process. Boiling denatures the enzymes responsible for this and stops the process.

  • Reply Karsten T September 8, 2018 at 8:18 pm

    6:55 Guys! That's not a death cap! It looks like Lactarius deliciosus.

  • Reply Potassuim_Cation September 18, 2018 at 11:12 pm

    Don't do drugs, kids. The may look like fungis, but they aren't. Unless they are, but they still aren't fun.

  • Reply Kenny Arias September 27, 2018 at 6:45 pm

    P S I L O C Y B I N

  • Reply Purgar316 October 2, 2018 at 3:06 pm

    Alkaloids aren't bad. Most synthetic hallucinagens are alkaloids. Like DMT

  • Reply Takings October 9, 2018 at 1:03 pm

    𝑻𝒉𝒆 π’Žπ’π’”π’• π’†π’‡π’‡π’†π’„π’•π’Šπ’—π’† π’•π’π’†π’π’‚π’Šπ’ π’‡π’–π’π’ˆπ’–π’” π’•π’“π’†π’‚π’•π’Žπ’†π’π’• π’Žπ’†π’•π’‰π’π’… π’‚π’—π’‚π’Šπ’π’‚π’ƒπ’π’† >https://t.co/u17C3RMhRQ?2018fungus 6352

  • Reply yamaha rider October 16, 2018 at 8:28 pm

    Psychedelics are illegal not because a loving government is concerned that you may jump out of a third story window. Psychedelics are illegal because they dissolve opinion structures and culturally laid down models of behaviour and information processing. They open you up to the possibility that everything you know is wrong. "Terrence McKenna"

  • Reply tkmoulton October 26, 2018 at 9:39 am

    Slightly misleading on the yeast causing the fizz in beer. It’s usually vented out during fermentation and co2 or nitrogen gasses are added. Some homebrewers add sugar after fermentation is complete to carbonate the beer. Great video

  • Reply ismail Cem Eroglu November 27, 2018 at 1:29 pm

    11 radiosynthesize some rare species can synthesize energy from radiation waves!!!!!!

  • Reply Daniel Bollmeyer November 28, 2018 at 8:59 am

    ehhh

  • Reply House Phone December 10, 2018 at 4:55 am

    Ba dum…tsk

  • Reply Husam Al Salek December 14, 2018 at 5:06 pm

    Pls dnt make jokes like that again

  • Reply slyfor2 December 19, 2018 at 3:05 am

    Hank, T-cells (Cytotoxic, Helper 1 & 2, and Regulatory) are second-line defenses!

  • Reply Greg Lamothe December 19, 2018 at 7:07 pm

    A little misinformation in here guys. The research on psilocybin being used in spiritual or religious practice is not sketchy. It's well documented. Also, the current research being done on its use in psychotherapy is not being done on small doses… In fact, larger doses have had better and longer lasting effects. Look up "Psilocyban John Hopkins research" and you will find tons of info on it. It's hard to continue watching after hearing things you know are not exactly true which is unfortunate because I suspect that most of the info is correct and these videos are so well done!

  • Reply Theodore Jiganti December 20, 2018 at 4:51 pm

    bad pun man

  • Reply Sheila Rodgers December 23, 2018 at 2:26 am

    Amanita muscaria are psychoactive but has no psilocybin i forget what it has but its 2 different compounds

  • Reply Travis Hirschfelt December 26, 2018 at 12:00 pm

    5:00 hahaha he says organ implants : ) . I think what you meant to say was organ transplants.

  • Reply Borris G December 28, 2018 at 10:12 pm

    1. Massive underground "thinking" funghal colonies that have been compared to neural networks.

    2. Massive Ant colonies that span continents.

    3. Funghi that control the body of Ants.

    4. There are more Ants, pound for pound, than everything else on Earth combined.

    Why am I the only one concerned about this?

  • Reply Cyberwizard Productions January 2, 2019 at 10:15 pm

    one of my favorite channels and youtubers πŸ™‚ just can't afford your membership fee. Love your videos, though.

  • Reply StopFear January 4, 2019 at 7:20 am

    Those interested in magic shrooms, just whatever you do, do not pick wild ones unless you have some kind of very exceptional experience. There are mushrooms that look almost identical to any of dozens of psilocybin mushrooms which are deadly poisonous. I mean deadly as in one tiny mushroom can destroy your liver. Also never eat the Amanita Muscaria. Very poisonous.

  • Reply StopFear January 4, 2019 at 7:24 am

    Actually one of the most highly prized β€œChinese medicine” mushrooms is Cordyceps militaris literally grows out of all sorts of insects including cockroaches.

  • Reply Abbieq11 January 5, 2019 at 3:14 pm

    I was waiting for the destroying angel, and there it was. I read a book about answers to absurd questions, and the destroying angel was in the chapter β€œhow to get rid of your DNA” or something like that

  • Reply Sivadasan Narayanan January 8, 2019 at 2:13 am

    0:01 <C R I N G E>

  • Reply enter__the__void January 9, 2019 at 1:07 am

    The photo of a "death cap" at 6:54 is most likely of a species in the genus Lactarius, definitely not a death cap.

  • Reply Orikot Yokai/Tokiro Ayakashi January 9, 2019 at 5:33 am

    Im allergic to pencilling

  • Reply Eli Livezey January 9, 2019 at 7:07 pm

    6:55 the mushroom labeled "death cap" is not accurate. The one pictured is Lactarius deliciosus and not Amanita phalloides!

  • Reply mark burress January 23, 2019 at 11:02 pm

    Dead ant…dead ant…(pink panther tune) yeah you heard it didn't you??πŸ˜‚

  • Reply TheOllyfin January 29, 2019 at 2:01 am

    I dont eat normal mushrooms

  • Reply Young January 30, 2019 at 11:26 pm

    Hey look! 5-mana mana hysteria and 10-mana mind control priest spells. K just me?πŸ˜‚πŸ˜‚

  • Reply Fluorcyl February 9, 2019 at 3:43 am

    If anyone can answer this… This just occurred to me… I have always said it just the way Hank Did…
    ""die-Ethyl-uhh-myde""

    But it occurs to me, I wonder — it sounds so much more fluid… Could it be that it should really be pronounced as…

    Dye-ya-Thal-uhh-myde"?

    It's a subtle difference, I know. But I tried as best I could to put it into words/letters that you could sound out so as to to hear the difference I'm getting at. I looked it up on no less than five different pronunciation sites, and they all say it the same way as Hank did… i.e.the first way. Sounds better to me the other way.

  • Reply sum guy February 15, 2019 at 11:01 pm

    I know someone who ate wild mushrooms and went blind while being terribly ill.

  • Reply sum guy February 15, 2019 at 11:01 pm

    What about parasol shrooms?

  • Reply Wheels Lifts February 17, 2019 at 10:15 am

    I never get how people can eat bleu cheese.. it tastes like something left in a gym sock for 3 years to allow it to harden slightly. Same with all smelly cheeses.. why arent people happy with swiss or provolone? I get that people hate American cheese.. but pepper jack and cheddar are good.. parmesan is also pretty good. I think that's from italy though.

  • Reply Banjo Provoker February 19, 2019 at 1:11 am

    Photo of the death cap looks more like a saffron milk cap

  • Reply Jake Upton February 21, 2019 at 5:34 pm

    That’s a pine ring, not a death cap. man

  • Reply Youthoob Gamer March 1, 2019 at 8:49 pm

    I am cursed by God

  • Reply Hi, How’s it going? March 6, 2019 at 12:18 pm

    Serotogenic hallucinogens such as psilocin or Lysergic acid diethyl amide or dimethyl tryptamine are some of the safest, most helpful substances known to man. They can also put you through an absolute hell, but even then people are generally better off afterwards. Sometimes people get PTSD and nobody should use these substances like toys but their potential to help any and everyone is absolutely incredible

  • Reply Liam Spurin March 15, 2019 at 7:55 pm

    At 6:55 and the thumbnail your photo of a death cap is wrong. The mushrooms orange stained green, and almost certainly in the lactarius family not amanita. Does scishow even research?

  • Reply Frosty Budew March 16, 2019 at 3:16 am

    Went straight from kendricks "money trees" to those mushroom puns and my brain is still trying to adjust

  • Reply K1naku5ana3R1ka March 20, 2019 at 5:34 pm

    I’ve heard that there are a bunch of factors that make the ergot theory for the Salem Witch Trials unlikely, but I’ll need to look it up again.

  • Reply Wesley Newton March 26, 2019 at 7:44 pm

    Double check that picture for death cap. It looks more like a pine ring… I think it may be a mistake

  • Reply Natalie Hudson March 29, 2019 at 2:54 am

    7:50 So that's what Muffet was eating!

    Sour… milk.

  • Reply Sybren Banga April 6, 2019 at 9:24 pm

    This is the first time a pun made my stomach crawl.

  • Reply Zes April 8, 2019 at 1:37 am

    no such thing as euphoria about it or foolx or cannot be sx, drugx etc doesn't matter, feel any perfect no matter what, think,say any nmw and any be perfect

  • Reply MGS OG KUSH April 8, 2019 at 3:35 am

    Punny opening..

  • Reply guardsmanom134 April 10, 2019 at 6:17 am

    So, you're telling me that I'm drinking moldy poo… EXCELLENT! I can honestly say that I've eaten sh!t!

  • Reply Cosmic Nautilus April 10, 2019 at 4:55 pm

    9.6 km of edible lifeform!

  • Reply VOID April 11, 2019 at 8:44 am

    Check out joe rogans podcast with Paul Stamets he’s a mycologist

  • Reply Cuddles the Cat April 11, 2019 at 1:24 pm

    Mold has a great power, it can grow anywhere and it won’t go away that easily until you can find a way to drench your house with bleach.

  • Reply Cuddles the Cat April 11, 2019 at 1:28 pm

    I have a huge fear of mushrooms, so should I stop watching?

  • Reply Ray Zaki V. Naringahon April 19, 2019 at 7:22 am

    Uncle Jokes…

  • Reply Taranis Spatula April 20, 2019 at 7:38 am

    10mg of Zoomers a day keeps the psychiatrist away.

  • Reply The Crafty Cyborg April 24, 2019 at 8:21 am

    Magic mushrooms have also been shown to potentially help people with intractable migraines, particularly cluster or icepick headaches.

  • Reply account holder May 1, 2019 at 3:34 am

    Stoned ape

  • Reply Lau Bjerno May 2, 2019 at 7:16 pm

    You've got the wrong picture for Death Cap! It doesn’t look like that at all!!

  • Reply Elizabeth Callan May 6, 2019 at 1:48 am

    Magic mushrooms may help depression by recreating synapses! It’s very interesting can’t wait for the research

  • Reply CC Alex May 12, 2019 at 5:59 am

    i always thought that yeast is bacteria not fungi

  • Reply cody hedges May 19, 2019 at 10:22 pm

    I've got a shirt that has a mushroom on it that says I'm a fun guy. I also used to grow mushrooms… Also make DMT haha. Good joke… Good joke.

  • Reply Mescaline Monkey May 20, 2019 at 6:50 pm

    Magic mushrooms are the safest drug there is.

  • Reply Chen Van Dam May 22, 2019 at 7:32 pm

    Would have appreciated more pictures and/or voiceless videos of the fungi to accompany hanks' talk than just having the words he is saying be presented on the screen half of the time…

  • Reply Alter Ego May 23, 2019 at 12:12 am

    Wood decomposition should have been on that list.

  • Reply nck rivas June 8, 2019 at 7:09 pm

    Pun = dead

  • Reply Danilo PopoviΔ‡ June 10, 2019 at 3:48 am

    Mashrooms must be legalised!!!!

  • Reply Katelynn Murphy June 11, 2019 at 5:46 am

    I think the card reading "makes you hallucinate" is a misleading, short sighted interpretation of what psilocybin does. Unless it's meant to be comically oversimplified, it's shockingly off brand.

  • Reply the Danny d June 13, 2019 at 4:01 am

    Taking vote..no other person but Hank doing these..who with me?

  • Reply Samu Ol June 14, 2019 at 7:23 pm

    Nothing about bread making???

  • Reply purple urkle June 22, 2019 at 3:20 am

    πŸ‘πŸΌπŸ‘πŸΌπŸ„πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ„πŸ’žπŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ–€πŸ„πŸ„πŸ–€

  • Reply joshuaswe June 22, 2019 at 8:57 pm

    7:25 looks like when patrick on spongebob was looking for his head

  • Reply Elizabeth June 28, 2019 at 1:18 am

    No the Salem witch scare was not caused by ergot.

  • Reply Capo Santana June 30, 2019 at 2:21 am

    Those theories about consumption of mushrooms must be controversial to white historians, every Mexican who's been in those areas know it's been used by different tribes for hundreds of years in religious ceremonies

  • Reply ChefGiovanni July 6, 2019 at 2:56 am

    Here is a wild mushroom recipe from the #Chefs https://youtu.be/jhE9LGMDNiIΒ  (youtube link)

  • Reply Chris Wilkinson July 10, 2019 at 9:38 pm

    The Eleusinian Mysteries in ancient Greece are well documented, no sketchy accounts as you say.

  • Reply Cerri Ghaladar July 11, 2019 at 9:05 pm

    At 6:55 the reddish mushroom on the right is not a death cap at all… it is an orange milkcap (Lactarius deterrimus) a 100% edible mushroom, especially delicious when pickled.

  • Reply te0nani July 13, 2019 at 4:52 pm

    Those theories are controversial?
    Hank Green, let me tell you a little secret about ourselves:

    If humans find a way to get high, they get [email protected] high.
    Solved.

  • Reply H. Lecture July 14, 2019 at 7:30 pm

    Ketamine, MDMA, mushrooms, all are things that have potential for use in battling depression and other mental ailments.

  • Reply Geoffrey Darcy July 14, 2019 at 9:10 pm

    I talked to a rather large Brahma bull , while high on magic mushrooms. Short conversation , as he was very suspicious of my encroachment upon his "personal space".

  • Reply Geoffrey Darcy July 14, 2019 at 9:12 pm

    Oui ! (Pronounced – whey.

  • Reply Jamilah Mitchell July 19, 2019 at 4:35 am

    Cordyceps fungus exists in many bug species

  • Reply Tim Clemens July 20, 2019 at 7:31 pm

    Lmao the "Death Cap" photo is an edible Lactarius species mushroom

  • Reply Angela Goodwin July 21, 2019 at 5:25 pm

    The same ergot fungi made Europeans, like Transylvanians and Hungarians to see human vampire and werewolves. Interestingly, I remember collecting in Hungary by the tons and sell it to US because LSD, and I remember feeling different.Could explain why the communists in those countries acted in those countries paranoid and peculiar. Mostly my grandmother, it might not be dementia she suffered. She was plain nuts and seen things were not present at the same time denied the obvious. She did something and the moment one ask, why, she said sh never did it. It was frustrating but now make sense. Worth to look into.

  • Reply Divine_Power July 27, 2019 at 1:56 am

    He is the most appropriate moist and mildewy dude that could host this video like he is the host of all the fungal things he eats. Too bad he's like most people and doesn't know that most humans are extremely manipulated by and infected by fungi.

  • Reply Eva Wojcik August 6, 2019 at 3:28 am

    Dude, could you talk just a little faster ?

  • Reply RohrAtom August 8, 2019 at 11:37 pm

    Visual distortion πŸ˜€ you never had a psychedelic experience.

  • Reply INDUSTRAILIST August 13, 2019 at 2:57 am

    I always thought if there was one thing on this planet that isn't from this world πŸ‘½ (alien) πŸ‘½ it would be Fungi. Seriously so much different from other life…

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